Types Of Wood For Furniture (Buying Guide)

This gallery features the types of wood for furniture including the different varieties of wood, materials, uses, benefits, and the best wood furniture options to consider.
Scandinavian style wood furniture You will certainly agree that one of the most popular materials used to make furniture is wood. In fact, the production of furniture can be accomplished with almost any kind of wood. Some wood types have unique qualities that enable you to recognize their type with just a glance. Surely, wood does have a wide range of features and can add varying levels of warmth, accent, and aesthetic to your well-loved home.

The color, density, pattern, and finish of each type of wood can actually differ. Selecting the proper wood for furniture is quite essential since it lets you determine the precise cost of your purchase. It will also help you identify whether you decide to repair, sell, or throw away a piece of wood furniture.

Take note: even though every type of wood can be used to manufacture various pieces of furniture, you must remember that not all woods have matured and created the same way. You should henceforth select one wisely to ensure that you are getting a furniture piece that will serve you for decades.

Wood Furniture Characteristics

Farmhouse room with different wood elements Here we share the wood furniture characteristics used for different types of furniture pieces.

Solid Wood

Solid table Solid wood furniture is often constructed from a single piece of wood rather than many pieces of wood bonded or laminated together. Moreover, according to experts, solid wood furniture is typically more enduring and long-lasting than other pieces of furniture produced from other materials since it is made from an entire solid piece of genuine wood.

The downside, however, is the cost of the raw materials and the work required. Yes, these make it more expensive than other forms of furniture.

You might ask what wood species can be used to manufacture solid wood. Well, typically, pine, oak, maple, walnut, mahogany, and teak are among the different types of wood that can be used to produce solid wood furniture.

Solid wood furniture has a warmth and natural beauty that other materials may not be able to match and surpass. The wood’s grain, knots, and color differences give each piece of solid wood furniture a special personality.

Over time, the value of this investment can rise. Although it is typically more expensive than other forms of furniture, this wood type for furniture, according to furniture-selling experts, has a higher chance of increasing in value over time.

Additionally, woodworkers love to use solid wood furniture as it may be tailored to fit any décor by using a range of finishing techniques, such as staining, painting, and varnishing. Plus, being biodegradable and able to be captured from sustainable forests, solid wood is more environmentally friendly than furniture constructed of man-made materials.

Unfortunately, if your solid wood furniture is not properly maintained, keep in mind that it can still be vulnerable to warping, splitting, and breaking. It can also be more difficult to relocate and carry because it is heavier than other forms of furniture.

Luckily, with meticulous maintenance, solid wood furniture can last for many decades, and it can be a wonderful and treasured addition to any house.

Hardwood

Hardwood and fabric chair and table The wood used to make hardwood furniture normally comes from deciduous trees, which shed their leaves annually. These trees are often larger and more mature, and the wood they produce is denser, stronger, and more resilient.

The following hardwoods are frequently used to make furniture: oak, maple, cherry, walnut, mahogany, and teak, and you might agree that these hardwoods are among the most popular selections of professional interior designers.

Due to the hefty cost of the raw materials as well as the necessary labor to manufacture it, hardwood furniture is typically more pricey than furniture styles created from other lighter materials.

However, its edge over those cheaper and lighter materials is that hardwood may be easily sanded and refinished repeatedly throughout the years. Meaning, you can maintain its original beauty and make it more durable than ever.

Apart from that, in comparison to furniture constructed of other artificial wood materials like particleboard or MDF (medium-density fiberboard), hardwood furniture is, without a doubt, more long-lasting.

As per experienced woodworkers, staining, painting, and varnishing are just a few solutions for finishing hardwood furniture. The hardwood furniture’s appearance and robustness will partly depend on the finish chosen as well.

So if you are looking for high-quality furniture that is sure to last for decades and is both aesthetically pleasing and functional, hardwood furniture would be an ideal pick. It can be used in many different places, such as private residences, workplaces, and public areas.

However, to preserve its aesthetics and lengthen its longevity, hardwood furniture must be properly cared for. Regular cleaning, polishing, and refinishing might be part of this.

Softwood

Boho dining area design Softwood, a type of wood that is less dense and less strong than hardwood, is used to make softwood furniture, hence the name. In general, softwoods may cost less than hardwoods. Pine and cedar are some of the softwood species that are frequently used by some woodworkers to make furniture.

On a positive note, due to less labor costs and raw material costs, softwood furniture is typically less expensive than hardwood furniture. Meanwhile, it typically has a shorter lifespan than hardwood furniture. According to experts, softwoods may not hold up as well over time and are more vulnerable to dings, dents, and scratches.

Indeed, furniture made of softwood is a wise option for homeowners on a tight budget but still want something aesthetically pleasing and functional but less expensive than hardwood. Yes, it can be used in many different locations such as private residences, workplaces, and public areas.

Nevertheless, to further increase longevity and preserve the appearance of softwood furniture, ensure proper maintenance – this includes dusting, polishing, and refinishing as needed.

Hardwood Vs Softwood

Retro inspired room with softwood furniture When it comes to selecting the type of furniture for your beloved home, one of the most important considerations you will have to make is whether to go with hardwood or softwood. Although both types of wood have advantages and disadvantages, there are several key differences to consider before making your selection.

If you are going to take a closer look at their names, you must already know that the density and strength of hardwood and softwood differ significantly. Since hardwood is denser and stronger than softwood, it is clearly more durable and long-lasting. Hardwood furniture is more resistant to various types of damage, and it is more likely to last a long time.

Softwood, as previously mentioned, is less dense and less robust than hardwood. Thus, it is more vulnerable to damage and may not last for decades. But if you are cutting costs on your furniture, softwood may be a better pick. Its raw materials and labor normally require minor expenses, hence softwood furniture is often less expensive.

Both hardwood and softwood can be treated in a variety of ways, including painting, varnishing, staining, and refinishing. We usually notice the inherent grain, knots, and color patterns of hardwood. These give it a distinct personality that is not always evident in softwood.

Furthermore, we believe that both hardwood and softwood have advantages and disadvantages in terms of environmental effects. Hardwood is a natural, renewable resource that may be obtained from well-managed forests. Softwood, on the other hand, is more commercially available than hardwood, although based on our observation and experience, it is not always obtained from sustainable forests.

In a nutshell, the decision between hardwood and softwood furniture will finally be determined by your budget, the level of durability you want, and your particular preferences as well.

Engineered Wood

Engineered wood and metal table We have seen that engineered wood furniture has become increasingly popular. Well, it is created from artificial wood, which is a type of wood product made by applying adhesives to bond multiple layers of wood or wood fibers together.

Depending on how it is handled, some builders believe that engineered wood is sometimes more stable and stronger than natural wood, making it less prone to warping, splitting, and cracking.

As you browse online or in actual, you’ll see that there are several types of engineered wood, including plywood, laminated wood, particle board, HDF (high-density fiberboard), and MDF (medium-density fiberboard).

Because they are less costly to make and more generally available, these forms of wood are frequently used as a less expensive substitute for genuine wood in the production of furniture.

Engineered wood furniture is typically less expensive than natural wood furniture because of the reduced cost of materials and labor. And yes, they are only man-made. Furniture delivery companies prefer this type of furniture as it is lighter and easier to transport than natural wood furniture.

Additionally, engineered wood furniture can also be stained, painted, or varnished in a variety of ways just like natural wood, but the intricate details won’t be that noticeable in engineered wood unlike in natural wood.

Indeed, engineered wood furniture is a good alternative for individuals on a budget but still want functional and appealing wood-like furniture. Certainly, it is suitable for usage in a vast array of locations, including homes, offices, and even commercial areas.

However, if you wish to extend the lifespan and keep the aesthetic of engineered wood furniture, you have to provide proper upkeep.

Manufactured Wood

Table made of manufactured wood Manufactured wood is another type of man-made wood product created from wood fibers or particles that have been joined together with adhesives. It is sometimes referred to as composite wood.

Manufactured wood is lighter, weaker, and less sturdy than genuine wood in general, but according to furniture builders, it is usually easier to work with. Plywood, particleboard, melamine and MDF are all examples of manufactured wood.

Since they are more generally available, these forms of wood are frequently used as a more affordable alternative to solid wood in the production of furniture.

However, it is more susceptible to dents, scratches, and other damage, and it may not last as long. In addition, manufactured products such as melamine may cause adverse health effects when exposed to its chemicals.

Particleboard Furniture

Bed frame made of particleboard Particleboard furniture is a type of manufactured wood product composed of wood particles or shavings that are combined with binders and pressed together. The mixture is then heated and formed into a sheet or board.

Moreover, particleboard is less dense and less expensive than plywood and is frequently used in the manufacture of low-cost furniture with wood veneers.

Particleboard furniture is a low-density fiberboard that is also lighter and easier to transport than natural wood furniture. It is not, nevertheless, as sturdy or long-lasting as natural wood furniture, and it might not endure that long.

Moreover, you can still finish particleboard furniture pieces in a variety of ways to enhance its appearance. This allows you to personalize the look of your furniture to match your unique style and home decor.

Also, particleboard is simple to work with, making it an excellent alternative for anyone interested in DIY projects or customizing their furniture.

Those who are looking for functional, cheap furniture that is easy to transport and modify might consider purchasing particleboard furniture.

Plywood

Minimalist bedroom with plywood headboard Plywood furniture is another sort of manufactured wood product that is produced from thin layers of wood veneer that are glued together with the grain of each layer running at right angles to the one above and below it. Plywood is a robust material that is commonly used to build cabinets, shelves, and other storage units.

As per contractors, plywood, despite its thinness, is still durable and solid, making it ideal for the building of various types of furniture, particularly those that are used indoors.

Nonetheless, to prolong the lifespan and keep the aesthetic of plywood furniture, regular maintenance is required, which might entail frequent cleaning and occasional polishing.

Furniture Wood Types

Boho living room Here we share the different wood types for different furniture pieces.

Oak Wood

Oak dining set Oak is under the category of hardwood that is known for its strength and durability. Because of its incredible resistance to wear and tear, it is a widely known pick for furniture-making. It is frequently used in the construction of tables, chairs, dressers, and other major pieces of furniture.

Truly, oak is a very robust wood that can endure the weight of heavy objects, making it an excellent choice for frequently utilized furniture. It is very simple to work with and can be polished in a wide range of techniques, making it an ideal material for furniture construction.

Color – The color of oak wood varies based on the species of oak and where it matured. Red and white oak are both popular varieties. In general, the color of oak wood ranges from light beige, to white, yellow, orange, and brown.

Red oak, the most popular species of oak used in furniture, features a reddish or pinkish hue, whereas white oak has a pale grayish-brown color scheme. The way oak wood is polished can also alter its color, with different stains and finishes producing a vast array of colors and hues.

Grain – Oak wood has a straight grain with a medium to coarse texture. Oak wood grain patterns can also be uneven, with the direction of the grain changing significantly within the same piece of wood.

This distinguishes oak wood and makes it a popular option for use in furniture and other decorative elements. Finishing and sanding can further improve the grain of oak wood, which helps in accentuating the natural grains of the wood even more and making them appear a lot more gorgeous.

Hardness – The hardness of oak wood varies depending on the species, but oak is an exceptionally hard and dense wood in general. The hardness of different types of wood is measured using the Janka Hardness Scale, where red oak ranks at 1,290 lbf and white oak around 1,360 lbf.

Finishes – Oak wood can be finished in a number of ways to protect it while also enhancing its inherent beauty. Applying a protective coating or treatment to the surface of oak wood helps it resist dampness, wear, and other sorts of damage.

Finishes can also be used to alter the color of oak wood or to highlight the inherent grain pattern. As per professional woodworkers, staining, varnish, shellac, and oil are some common finishes that are suitable for oak wood.

The ideal finishing for oak wood will be determined by the intended use of the wood as well as the desired appearance. Honey oak is a popular choice with its light orange color that has been very popular over the years.

Uses – Because of its sturdiness and long-term durability, oak is a common pick for manufacturing pieces of furniture such as cabinets, tables, chairs, dressers, desks, shelves, and many more.

Oak’s distinctive pattern and known hardness make it a top choice for furniture such as cabinets, tables, and chairs. Due to its durability and desirable qualities for furniture such as being fungal resistant, oak furniture is said to have an indefinite lifespan which means furniture made from oak can be the perfect heirloom piece.  – interior designer, Ellen Siloy

Mahogany Wood

Mahogany cabinet Mahogany is a hardwood renowned for its beauty, strength, and durability. Because of its appealing grain pattern and rich color, it is an excellent selection for furniture manufacturing and carpentry.

It is also rot and decay-resistant, making it ideal for outdoor furniture and other applications that will be exposed to the elements.

Color – Mahogany wood is often a rich, reddish-brown color. The hue can range from a faint yellowish-brown to a deep reddish-brown, and it is determined by the species of mahogany used and the location where it was produced.

Mahogany wood’s color can be increased by staining or oiling, which brings out the natural beauty of the wood and adds depth to the color.

Grain – Mahogany wood’s grain is usually linear, but it can sometimes be wavy. This hardwood has a fine, even grain as well as a medium to high natural gloss, giving it a smooth, appealing aspect.

Furthermore, one of the primary factors that makes mahogany wood a common option for furniture-making and handicrafts is its remarkable grain pattern.

Sanding and polishing can bring out the unique features of the wood and make the overall pattern more noticeable while enhancing the grain of mahogany wood.

Hardness – Mahogany wood varies in hardness depending on the species, but it is a hard and dense hardwood in general. Mahogany ranks around 800 to 900 lbf on the Janka Hardness Scale.

Finishes – Mahogany’s inherent color and grain pattern can be enhanced by staining. Stains come in a variety of hues ranging from light to dark.

It can also be varnished to safeguard the wood and add a lustrous finish. Varnish is a transparent finish that is applied to the wood and dried.

Mahogany can also be oiled to protect it and accentuate its natural color and grain pattern. It can also be painted to change the color or cover any defects or imperfections.

Uses – Because of its strength, stability, and gorgeous appearance, mahogany is a popular option for making furniture. It is frequently used in the manufacture of tables, chairs, sofas, and other forms of furniture.

Because of its strength, stability, and capacity to accept a finish well, it is also a wise option for cabinets – it is frequently utilized in the manufacture of kitchen cabinets, bathroom vanities, and other forms of built-in cupboards.

Mahogany wood is a dense, reddish-brown wood with a fine, tight grain, making it a popular choice for high-end furniture such as dining tables and chairs. – interior designer, Ellen Siloy

Maple Wood

Maple bed set Maple wood is another type of hardwood that is customarily used in a range of applications such as furniture, flooring, cabinets, and even musical instruments.

It is purely well-known for its strength, stability, and exquisite appearance. Maple wood comes in a variety of types, including hard maple, soft maple, curly maple, and bird-eye maple.

Color – Based on our expertise in regards to maple trees, the color of maple wood varies, but it is often pale to medium brown with a fine, even grain.

Some maple wood has a reddish or golden tint. The absolute hue of maple wood can vary depending on the type of maple tree it comes from as well as characteristics such as the tree’s age and place of growth.

Grain – While the maple wood’s grain is usually straight, there is a possibility that it could occasionally be slightly wavy or curly. Some maple types, like bird’s eye maple, have a more distinct grain pattern with swirling, circular patterns.

Hardness – According to tree specialists, the type of maple tree from which the wood was harvested, along with other elements like the tree’s age and the environment in which it was grown, can all affect the wood’s hardness.

Maple wood is often harder than most other types of wood and is frequently used in high-stress applications such as flooring, furniture, and cabinets.

The Janka rating of hard maple wood is 1,450 lbf. It surpasses the vast majority of other popular wood kinds used by furniture manufacturers. Soft maple wood, a less popular maple variant, comes with a Janka rating of 950.

Finishes – Oil, varnish, lacquer, and polyurethane are just a few of the treatments that can be used on maple wood. Each finish has its own set of features and properties, and the optimal choice for a specific project will be determined by the intended usage as well as the desired aesthetic of the finished piece.

Uses – Because it is robust and resistant to wear and tear, we see that maple is a common pick for kitchen cabinets and other types of cabinetry. Maple wood is frequently used not just in the construction chairs, tables, closets, and dressers but also floors.

Along with oak, maple is one of the top choices when it comes to wood furniture. Maple is a hard, dense wood with a smooth, even grain, making it ideal for furniture such as desks, dressers, and kitchen cabinets. – interior designer, Ellen Siloy

Walnut

Walnut top table and green chairs Walnut is a hardwood appreciated for its rich, dark color and eye-pleasing grain pattern. Because of its beauty and long-term durability, it is frequently used in furniture, cabinets, and other woodworking applications. Walnut wood is impervious to decay and rot, which makes it an excellent solution for both indoor and outdoor projects.

Color – Walnut wood is typically dark brown in color in majority, but it has varying lines that are ranging from light to dark brown. The hue might vary based on the type of walnut tree used and other factors such as the tree’s age and region of growth.

The rich, dark color of walnut wood is often described as chocolate brown or a deep, dark brown. The color of walnut wood darkens with age and exposure to light, and it can also be impacted by the type of finish used on it.

In addition to the dark brown color of the wood, walnut wood may contain lighter-colored sapwood, which is found nearer to the tree’s bark. We have observed that the walnut sapwood is often cream or light yellow in color. 

Walnut wood is frequently used as a decorative component in furniture and other woodworking projects. The contrast between the dark brown heartwood and the light-colored sapwood in walnut wood can give it a distinct and appealing appearance.

Grain – Walnut wood has a straight grain pattern that can appear wavy or curly at times. The grain is frequently interlaced, giving it a distinct and appealing appearance.

Because of its elegant appearance and sleek lines, walnut wood’s grain is often fine and smooth, and it is frequently used in high-class furniture and cabinets.

Hardness – Black walnut, the most prevalent type of walnut wood, has a Janka hardness rating of 1,010 lbf.

Finishes – To give walnut wood a natural, warm appearance, experts suggest using oil finishes such as tung oil or linseed. Polyurethane varnish, for instance , can be applied to walnut wood to give it a strong and protective surface. For a glossy and eye-catching finish, shellac and lacquer are also viable alternatives.

Uses – Walnut wood is a tough and long-lasting hardwood valued for its rich, dark color and beautiful grain pattern. It is commonly used in the manufacture of different pieces of furniture such as cabinetry, tables, shelves, desks, and many more. Walnut wood is also utilized in other crafts such as turning, carving, and inlay work.

Walnut lumber is a hard, heavy wood with a rich, dark color and distinctive grain pattern, making it ideal for furniture such as desks and credenzas. – interior designer, Ellen Siloy

Ash

Ash chairs Due to its strength, durability, and appealing appearance, ash is a popular hardwood for furniture production. The hardness of ash wood varies depending on the type of tree from which it was harvested, but it is typically regarded as a hard and enduring wood.

It is also relatively stable, which means it does not warp or shrink as much as other types of wood. We think that it is also a great option for locations that experience fluctuations in humidity or temperature.

Color – The color of ash wood varies depending on the species of tree from which it was obtained. Ash wood is well-known for its appealing, even-toned color, which can range from pale yellow to light brown to medium brown.

Grain – Ash wood has a straight grain pattern that occasionally appears to be wavy or curly. It often has an exquisite, uniform grain. Some ash trees may have a grain pattern that is more obvious, with more waviness or curl, whereas other ash trees may have a more subdued grain pattern.

Hardness – White ash, the most popular variety of ash wood furniture, has a high Janka hardness rating of 1,320 lbf. This makes it an incredible option for pieces of furniture that are meant for daily usage and abuse.

Finishes – Ash wood can be treated with a variety of finishes, including oil finishes, varnish finishes, lacquer finishes, and shellac finishes. The ideal option for a given project will depend on the intended usage, the desired look of the finished product, and unique characteristics of the wood treatments.

When finishing ash, we suggest adhering to the manufacturer’s guidelines and wait until each coat of finish has fully cured before adding the next one.

Uses – Ash is a strong and shock-resistant wood that works well for creating furniture that will be used frequently or heavily impacted.

Because of its durability and appealing appearance, it is used to make chairs, tables, and other forms of furniture. Other major products including cabinets, doors, and flooring are also made using it.

Birch

Birch table Birch is a species of hardwood native to the Northern Hemisphere’s cold, temperate climates. It is well-known for its strength and pressure resistance, making it an excellent option for usage in furniture and other products subjected to intense use or impact.

Color – Birch wood is typically mild to medium brown in color, with tints ranging from light to dark. Birch wood has a distinct and appealing appearance due to the contrast between the light to medium-brown heartwood and the light-colored sapwood.

Grain – Birch wood has a straight grain pattern that can appear wavy or curled at times.

Hardness – Birch wood has a hardness rating of 1,210 on the Janka Hardness Scale.

Finishes – Birch wood can be finished in a variety of ways to improve its beauty and preserve it from damage. Stains, clear coats, paints, oils, waxes, and lacquers are some common birch wood finishes you might want to try.

Uses – Birch wood can be used for a variety of uses, including furniture, cabinets, and flooring. It is also used to make paper and other items, and it is a popular material for wood carving and other crafts.

From a deciduous tree, birch wood is a hard, light-colored wood with a fine and tight grain, making it ideal for furniture such as cabinets and bookcases. – interior designer, Ellen Siloy

Beech

Beech table with quartz top Beech wood is a firm, strong, and long-lasting wood with a crisp, straight grain and a pale, uniform color. It is often used to make furniture, flooring, and other wood items.

Beech trees are native to Europe and North America and have been used for a number of uses for generations.

Color – Beech wood is light in color and appears consistent and smooth. Its color ranges from a delicate, creamy white to a faint pinkish-brown.

The color of beech wood varies depending on the tree and where it matures, but it is typically recognized for its pale, smooth appearance.

Grain – The grain of beech wood is uniformly fine and straight. Beech wood’s grain is rather closer together and is recognized for its smooth, even texture.

Hardness – The European beech wood has a Janka hardness rating of 1,450 lbf, while the American beech has 1,300 lbf.

Finishes – Beech wood can be finished in a multitude of ways to complement and preserve its natural color and grain pattern. Staining, oil, and paint are some common finishes for beech wood to enhance its appeal.

Uses – Because of its strength, stability, and lovely appearance, beech wood is a wise option for building furniture. It is frequently used in the manufacture of tables, chairs, sofas, cabinets, computer desks, and many more. And due to its high hardness rating, beech can also be used to make floors, doors, moldings, and trims.

Cherry Wood

Cherry table with decorative chairs Cherry wood is a hardwood that is also commonly used to make a plethora of furniture pieces. It is generally easy to work with and produces a high-quality finish.

Cherry wood is highly valued for its strength and stability, and it is frequently used in the manufacture of high-end furniture, cabinetry, and other handicraft applications.

Color – Cherry wood is indeed well-known for its stunning reddish-brown color. It has a light to medium reddish-brown color with a rosy or crimson tone when newly cut.

Cherry wood darkens and takes on a deeper, reddish-brown color as it matures and when it is regularly subjected to sunlight.

Grain – Cherry wood is distinguished by its straight grain pattern, which consists of long, uninterrupted lines that run parallel to the length of the wood. Its wood grain is delicate and smooth in nature, with a slightly wavy or twisted appearance in some species.

Hardness – Cherry wood has a Janka hardness grade of 950 lbf, according to the Janka hardness test.

Finishes – Cherry wood’s color can be enhanced with stains, varnishes, and oils, which bring out the wood’s natural color and grain pattern.

Uses – Because of its appealing reddish-brown color, fine grain, and durability, cherry wood is often used in the production of furniture such as bedroom and dining room furniture as well as the creation of kitchen cabinets and other forms of cabinets. Cherry wood is used in the production of floors and musical instruments such as guitars and basses.

The elegant and rich-colored cherry wood is a hard, strong wood with a reddish-brown color, making it ideal for custom furniture such as desks and bed frames suitable for traditional interiors. – interior designer, Ellen Siloy.

Pine Wood 

Pine table set Pine wood is a softwood that boasts a light hue, unique grain, and pleasant odor. It is widely utilized in a wide range of applications, including building, furniture manufacturing, and paper production. Although it is a softwood, we believe that the furniture made out of pine wood can survive for many years.

Color – Pine wood has a pale color. Pine wood’s hue ranges from light yellowish-brown to mild reddish-brown, and it is frequently distinguished by knots and other flaws that give it a rugged, natural appeal.

Grain – Pine wood has a characteristic grain pattern with a straight, even grain and a uniform texture. However, it can be wavy or curly in some situations.

Hardness – Pine is a softwood with a hardness rating of 380 lbf, making it softer than most other woods.

Finishes – The appropriate finish for your pine wood furniture will be determined by your needs and preferences. But to give you an idea, designers suggest using stains, waxes, lacquers, clear coats, paints, and oil finishes to enhance the beauty and durability of your pinewood furniture.

Uses – Due to its strength and elegant appearance, pine wood is frequently used in the manufacturing of pieces of furniture such as tables, chairs, and dressers. It is also used to make other things like cabinets and doors.

A more affordable yet relatively hardwood, pine furniture remains a popular option. Its affordability and availability compared to other types of wood lumber make pine a great option for furniture. Pine is a soft, lightweight wood with a knotty texture, making it popular for rustic and country-style furniture. – interior designer, Ellen Siloy

Cedar Wood

Cedar side table See this cedar side table at Amazon [sponsored link]

Cedar wood is a softwood that is extensively used in furniture production as well as a range of other applications. It is derived from the tree genus Cedrus.

Cedar wood is regarded for its durability, decent hardness, and natural beauty, and it is frequently used for both indoor and outdoor furniture.

Color – The majority of cedar wood panels and timbers are pinkish-red in color, with some purplish undertones.

Grain – Cedar wood grain is distinguished by its straight, consistent pattern, which gives it a smooth and clean appearance.

Hardness – The Janka rating of cedar wood is 900 lbf.

Finishes – Cedar is a popular choice for a lot of various applications because it is fairly easy to work with and responds well to staining, waxing, painting, and finishing.

Uses – Aside from furniture pieces like chairs, tables, and cabinets, cedar wood is also utilized in a range of other applications such as construction, flooring, and decking. Its distinct, pleasant aroma makes it useful in the creation of essential oils and perfumes.

Teak Wood

Teak desk, chair and dresser Teak wood is a species of hardwood native to Southeast Asia that is widely utilized in a range of industries such as furniture manufacturing, shipbuilding, and outdoor construction.

It is widely known for outdoor furniture and other uses that are exposed to the outdoors due to its longevity, strength, and inherent resistance to rot and decay. Teak wood is also valued for its natural oils, which protect it from stubborn termites and other wood-attacking insects.

Color – Teak wood has a luxurious golden-brown color that can darken over time and develop a grayish-silver patina.

Grain – Teak wood grain is distinguished by its straight, uniform pattern, which gives it a smooth and even appearance.

Hardness – Teak has a high hardness value of 1,155 lbf on the Janka Hardness scale.

Finishes – Teak wood can be finished in a variety of ways to extend its beauty and longevity, including varnishing, waxing, and staining. However, finishing it won’t always be necessary as it has abundant natural oils to protect itself from the elements.

Uses – Teak wood is used for a variety of purposes, including indoor and outdoor furniture, shipbuilding, and outdoor building development. It can also be used for decking, flooring, and other decorative purposes.

Rosewood

Rosewood chairs with cushioning Rosewood is a dense, heavy hardwood with a significant amount of natural oil, giving it a smooth, lustrous sheen and making it rot- and decay-resistant.

It is relatively tough to work with, but it accepts staining, painting, and finishing well, and it is frequently used to manufacture high-quality furniture and other ornamental objects.

Color – Rosewood is recognized for its dark, rich color, which can range from deep red to purplish-brown.

Grain – Rosewood has a unique grain pattern distinguished by swirling and wavy lines.

Hardness – Rosewood’s Janka hardness rating varies depending on the species of tree, although it is generally regarded as a medium- to high-hardness wood.

Brazilian rosewood (Dalbergia nigra), for instance, has a Janka hardness rating of 2,500 lbf. Other rosewood species have a hardness value of 1,780 lbf on average.

Finishes – Rosewood can be finished in a variety of ways, including varnish, oil, wax, and staining. These finishes are widely used to defend and protect rosewood furniture and can be utilized to enhance its inherent beauty.

Uses – Rosewood is frequently utilized in a range of applications, such as tables, chairs, desks, cabinets, percussion equipment, and art pieces.

Best Type Of Wood For Furniture 

Indoor picnic table Based on our vast expertise and knowledge about furniture-making, we believe hardwoods are the best type of wood for making furniture. Hardwood furniture combines maximum beauty and durability that no softwood or manufactured wood will be able match and surpass.

However, it might be also safe to say that there is no “best” type of wood for furniture because different woods have unique features that make them suited for various furniture usages.

When selecting wood for furniture, many factors must be considered, including durability (hardness), appearance, finish, and cost. Hence, when deciding on the best type of wood to choose, it is essential to consider your specific needs and desired appearance of the furniture.

What Is A Good Cheap Wood For Furniture?

Low profile table Here are some of the most affordable yet good-quality types of wood that you can use for making decent-quality furniture pieces:

● Pine. This softwood has a natural, rustic appearance. It is reasonably priced, making it an excellent choice for those on a tight budget.

● Maple. Although it is more expensive than pine, it is still a more affordable alternative when compared to other varieties of hardwood. It has a high hardness rating that produces cost-effective pieces of furniture.

● Oak. Generally speaking, it costs more than maple and pine, but oak is still a fantastic deal given how long-lasting and durable it is. It can last for decades!

● Medium-Density Fiberboard (MDF). This engineered wood is inexpensive and very simple to work with, but it is not as durable as real wood. But still, it produces good-quality furniture that is still very reliable and usable.

● Plywood. This is a manufactured wood created by firmly gluing together panels of wood veneer. It is considered cheap and can be utilized for a wide range of major furniture applications.

Natural wood never fails to provide that organic quality that we innately love and integrating pieces made of wood in our stylized homes, brings benefits beyond wood’s aesthetic beauty. Durable and versatile, wood furniture remains a popular material. 

Did you find all of the wooden furniture types and buying tips you we’re searching for? Let us know if you feel there’s any information, or details we left out in the comments. See more related content in our article about types of bedroom furniture on this page.

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