Kitchen Layout Dimensions (Size Guide)

In this kitchen layout dimensions guide, you’ll find the minimum aisle width, standard and small, medium, and large floor plan layout sizes.
Kitchen with dark gray, wood cabinets and wall mounted oven

When constructing or doing a quick overhaul in your home, the kitchen is one of the most critical parts. The food we eat not only gets cooked there, but it is also where we gather with friends and family. 

Here, we provide you with a 101 regarding kitchen sizes and layouts. We also offer you dimensions that can be tweaked and readjusted to accommodate the actual size of your floor plan.

Standard Kitchen Dimensions

Standard kitchen dimensions

The first thing to determine before any other building or remodeling project is the measurement of the space. The measure will differ from one household to the other depending on different factors, including the size of your house, if you are building or remodeling an existing kitchen in an old home, or the layout you will go for. 

In accordance with the U.S Census Bureau, the average size of a home is 1500 square feet, but the standard size of today’s new home is 2600 square feet, and the kitchen more often occupies about 10 to 15 percent of that space.

 If you have a home of 1500 square feet, then 10 or 15 percent of that space or 150 or 225 square feet will be the allotted space for your kitchen. 

Minimum Kitchen Aisle Width

Kitchen isle standard width

There are two aisle dimensions to consider, and that is work and walkway aisles. A work aisle is where you do the work in the kitchen: the cutting, the peeling, and the cooking. On the other hand, a walkway aisle is a space you utilize for walking or moving around. 

The average width of the aisle for a workstation in a single-cook kitchen is 42 inches, while for multiple people to be able to work side by side, a work aisle of 48 inches in minimum is required.

For the walkway aisle, the minimum width requirement is 36 inches, and this space shouldn’t pass through what you call the kitchen work triangle. 

A work triangle or a working triangle is an ergonomic kitchen layout that theorizes that the three main work areas of cooking preparation should form a triangle.

This layout usually requires the stove, the sink, and the refrigerator to be in a place to create a triangular space that could make it easier for the person working to be arms away from one station to the next. 

Dimensions and Layout for Small Kitchens

Element Dimension/Consideration
Overall Size Usually 70 sq ft (6.5 sq m) or less
Layouts Single wall, Galley, L-shaped
Work Triangle Each leg does not exceed 9 ft (2.74 m) in total
Walkways At least 36″ (91.44 cm) wide
Work Aisles Minimum 36″ (91.44 cm) wide for a single cook

Kitchen with brown tiles, indoor plants, white walls and area rug

Smaller kitchens and apartment layouts usually have dimensions of 70 square feet or even less. Creativity is vital to utilize this small space efficiently.

Smaller kitchens are what you can see in smaller homes or apartments. There are a few benefits to smaller floor plans, and it is not only that they work for the place.

In smaller designs, space management is more critical, thus requiring everything to have its own space; a smaller layout also requires you to use fewer appliances and other items, and in this process, you avoid unnecessary clutter. Check out our how to organize a small kitchen guide here.

The last benefit is that smaller square footage will also require less space to clean, efficiently keeping your area in pristine condition. 

You can add more workspace using a moveable kitchen island, a pegboard that could double as a vertical hanging board and decoration, or smaller appliances like a converter oven. 

Dimensions for Medium Kitchens

Element Dimension/Consideration
Overall Size 100 to 200 sq ft (9.29 to 18.58 sq m)
Layouts Galley, L-shaped, U-shaped, single wall with island
Work Triangle 4 to 9 ft (1.22 to 2.74 m) per leg
Walkways At least 36 in (91.44 cm) wide
Work Aisles 42″ (106.68 cm) for one cook, 48″ (121.92 cm) for multiple cooks
Island Clearance 42″ (106.68 cm) for one cook, 48″ (121.92 cm) for multiple cooks
Island Size 3 ft x 5 ft (0.91 m x 1.52 m) recommended

Kitchen with gray panel cabinets and pendant lights

Mid-sized or medium-sized floor plans are the closest to the size of the standard kitchen. A  kitchen layout this size could reach 100 to 200 square feet, and for this size, you could fit a decent-sized prep and dining island with breakfast stools on one side.

A medium-sized kitchen is also great for more space when you choose to do the entertaining while you cook.

The National Kitchen and Bath Association (NKBA) recommends walkways within the layout be at least 36″ in width. For additional cooks at the same time, aisles should be 48″ wide.

There are many factors in deciding what size of kitchen you need, the number of heavy appliances you have, who and how many people will use the area, how big the household is, and how often you cook. It is supposed you will be utilizing the space for food preparation more often than usual.

In that case, it is smarter to invest in a medium over a smaller layout to accommodate all the food and appliances you want to have.

Dimensions for Large Kitchens

Element Dimension/Consideration
Overall Size Typically over 200 sq ft (18.58 sq m)
Layouts Open concept, L-shaped, U-shaped, with an island or peninsula
Work Triangle Legs can be over 9 ft (2.74 m), but should not exceed 25 ft (7.92 m) total
Walkways At least 42″ (106.68 cm) wide
Work Aisles Minimum 48″ (121.92 cm) wide for multiple cooks
Island Size Larger than 4 ft x 6 ft (1.22 m x 1.83 m) is available
Island Clearance At least 48″ (121.92 cm) clearance around islands
Counter Space An abundance of counter space; continuous runs of 36″ (91.44 cm) or more

Kitchen with white polished concrete floors and white quartz countertops

You often see larger floor plans in bigger houses, which are also more often what home cooks and bakers want. Large kitchens have a measurement of around 200 square feet and up, and this is only an estimate. Some larger layouts could be more prominent, especially if used with an open-concept floor plan with a dining table incorporated, a breakfast nook, or a large pantry. 

A larger kitchen can have some of these benefits. First, it can accommodate more storage and larger appliances. This is especially important for more extensive appliances like a double-door refrigerator, additional freezers, or dishwashers. 

More storage is also great for home cooks and bakers who want large amounts of ingredients always available for their convenience.

A larger area will also allow you to have more breathing room and more room for you to move around quickly without bumping something accidentally. A lot of counter space is another benefit of large kitchens, especially if you bake a lot. 

Kitchen Layout Sizes by Type

Since you have decided how big or small you want your floor plan to be, it’s time to determine how you want it to look. You do that by choosing and deciding your kitchen layout.

Kitchen layouts are not just for aesthetics since you and your architect need to coordinate with the given requirements for the layout like clearance space or the work triangle that is Ergonomics 101 on how to move around your space easily. 

With that in mind, here are some typical culinary space layouts and their dimensions to help you decide. 

Dimensions for Galley Kitchens 

Galley kitchen with black and white cabinets and ceiling lights

A galley style cooking area is an excellent choice for a layout if you are going for efficiency. Galley kitchens have a layout that has a walkway in the middle of two workstations or countertops.

There are two types: either a single row galley or a double row galley culinary space. A single-row galley fits everything into a single linear bar, while a double or two-row galley layout has two parallel linear bars. 

You can find single-row galley kitchens in smaller homes, and this type will have everything from the sink to the oven in one single ergonomic line.

A space of 4 to 6 feet or 1.2 to 1.8 meters is provided to a single row galley culinary space layout. For a 75 square feet culinary space, the length of the counter from side to side is 12.6 feet or 3.8 meters, the width from the back of the counter to the end of the clearance space is 6 feet or 1.83 meters. 

For homes with a medium-sized culinary space, a two-row galley layout could be more appropriate as it will provide more counter space for an added appliance like a built-in dishwasher or oven. 

A 108 square meter space will be perfect for a two-row galley culinary space. This will provide a length of 12.6 feet or 3.81 meters from one side of the counter to the other, a distance from the back counter to the other of 8.8 feet or 2.64 meters, and a clearance space between counters to work in the aisle of 4 feet or 1.22 meters will be provided. 

Checkout our stylish modern galley kitchen design ideas here.

Single Wall Kitchen Layout Dimensions

Single wall layout with length measurement

A single wall culinary space layout is excellent for planning an open floor plan and opening up to your dining table or even the living room area.

Same as with small kitchens, creativity is required to figure out how to fit everything in a single line of counter space and working station. A single wall layout has every working station situated in one wall. 

These dimensions could differ from what size of floor plan you have, but for a standard-sized culinary with a single wall layout, a length running from one end of the counter to the other will require at least 12.6 feet or 3.81 meters of space. A bigger house could call for an even longer single-row design

Pullman Kitchen Sizes

Isometric I-shaped kitchen

I-shaped kitchens are also known as Pullman Kitchens. It refers to kitchens with the same layout as a single-wall layout or a single galley layout.

Pullman kitchens are what you call long and narrow layouts with everything filled in a single row. You can often find this style in small apartments and lofts where every space is utilized. 

Just like single row galley kitchens, for a room of 75 square feet or 7 square meters with a width of 12.6 feet or 3.81 meters and a length of 6 feet or 1.83 meters, a minimum clearance space of 4 feet or 1.22 meters is required.

Like smaller kitchens, I-shaped designs need creativity to be able to fit everything on a single countertop. You can utilize space by installing a pot rack suspended from above or even installing skylights to save you the counter space needed for lights. 

U Shaped Layout Kitchen 

Isometric u shape layout

Another excellent layout for smaller and medium-sized floor plans is the U-shaped kitchen layout. You can ensure that there will be no wasted space because three sides of your space will be used for counters, cabinets, and appliances, with the floor space in the middle just enough for you to move around comfortably. 

Think of a standard 107 square feet kitchen with a length of 10.2 feet or 3.15 meters and a width of 10.6 feet or 3.2 meters. 5 feet or 1.53 meters of area is the minimum that should be allowed for movement and working space. 

For bigger kitchens with more area left in a U-shaped layout, homeowners often decide to add central island counters for added storage and workspace.

For a medium-sized culinary space of 155 square feet, with a length of 10.4 feet or 3.25 meters and a width of 15 feet or 4.5 meters, a center island of 4.10 feet by 4 feet will be perfect. It will leave 3.6 feet of space on all sides, perfect for moving around your room

C Shaped Kitchen Sizes

C-shaped layout for kitchens

A C-shaped culinary layout, as the name would suggest, is shaped on the letter. It is essentially a U-shaped design inverted to a 45 degrees angle. This is great if you want to include breakfast stools outside one side of the counters, and the counters will also serve as a partition between rooms. 

Like a U-shape layout, a C-shaped culinary space would have all cabinetry and appliances on three adjacent sides of the walls. A clearance space for walking around and cooking should be 5 feet or 1.53 meters at the minimum and can go from 6 to 8 feet or more for more oversized C-shaped kitchens. 

What is The Minimum Size of a Kitchen? 

A room can qualify as a culinary space if it has some primary appliance and storage option that helps us prepare the food we eat.

Some essential appliances used and should be in all kitchens are refrigerators, an oven range with a stovetop, a sink, and a free counter space where we chop and mix and other kinds of stuff. 

The minimum space for a cooking area to accommodate such and be big enough for us to move around in it should have a width of 5 feet and a length of 8 feet. Read more about specifics about kitchen counter measurements here.

What is The Best Size for a Kitchen?

Kitchen with white marble countertops, subway tile backsplash and cabinets with black handles

The ideal size of a culinary space should occupy 10 to 15 percent of the total space of your house. A vast floor plan would feel excessive in a small home, while a small layout would feel out of place in a bigger house. 

Remember that the dimensions provided are just rough estimates for standardized home kitchen sizes, and these layouts are adaptable to whatever size your design will be. 

Ultimately, the best culinary space size is what you want it to be. Every one of us has individual choices and needs to be accommodated, and there is no rulebook in deciding what works for you. 

You may want to use a kitchen design software program to plan your space. This will enable you to visualize your project and attempt to get a feel for space considerations before doing any costly work.

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