Welcome to our guide to the couch fabric types and materials including upholstery pros & cons and how to choose the best fabric for your interior designs. When shopping for a couch, the fabric you choose should be based on the couch’s use, location in your home, room’s color scheme, and whether children and pets live in the house.
Color and patterns are usually the first considerations. Still, choosing the type of couch material and fabric should be decided on before the shopping begins.
This guide provides information about the different types of couch fabrics and their pros and cons so you can choose the perfect couch material for your new furniture.
What is Fabric
Fabrics were manufactured thousands of years ago by felting, squeezing fibers together with liquid to form a flat tangled semblance of material. Future endeavors included knitting and interlacing yarn made from spun fibers such as wool.
Weaving was introduced shortly after using a loom, a frame to hang strands of yarn on to weave into crude material. These techniques are still in practice today, creating modern textiles that make up the unlimited array of couch fabric types and materials available.
Different Couch Materials
There are countless material options for couches, all with different characteristics, feel, durability, style, and patterns.
Couches with fabric coverings wear as time goes by from everyday use, children, pets, and stains. Furniture makers have embraced new materials and expanded their fabric choices adding synthetic materials such as vinyl, plastic, olefin, and faux leather.
Each fabric is carefully chosen to work with the furniture design and purpose. Whether you’re restoring an old couch or buying new, there’s a fabric to match your personal décor preferences and provide a stylish, long-lasting couch. Read more about different furniture styles here.
Types of Natural Couch Fabrics (Pros & Cons)
Fabrics made from natural fibers are sourced from plants and animals. The following types of natural couch fabrics come with both pros and cons.
Linen is a handsome material made from flax plants. It’s a popular couch fabric and very affordable but presents some concerns for high traffic areas and durability.
Linen also wrinkles easily, making it difficult to iron out. It is very airy and breathes well, making it an excellent fabric for sitting for long periods or during hot, humid weather.
See this convertible linen couch with ottoman at Amazon
- This natural fabric comes in original earthly colors such as beige and ecru gray
- Linen is resistant to mildew and naturally antibacterial
- Linen is smooth and soft, making it a comfortable fabric
- It’s a strong material
- Linen is affordable
- Linen does not develop pills or lint
- It’s resistant to fading
- Linen is an eco-friendly fabric
- Linen wrinkles easily
- It also stains easily
- Linen has to be professionally cleaned to prevent shrinkage
- Linen does not hold up well to everyday use
Cotton is a common couch material and considered the most popular upholstery fabric. It’s natural, durable, and takes dye well, producing vibrant colors.
Cotton is also available in different thread counts to accommodate a customer’s needs and budget. If cotton is combined with other fibers, it makes a more durable material for a family-friendly couch. See this mid century modern cotton fabric couch at Lumens
- Cotton, as long as it’s 100% cotton, is hypoallergenic
- Cotton material takes all colored dyes and patterns
- It’s a soft fabric and not prone to pilling
- Cotton is breathable and resistant to moisture build-up
- It’s a durable fabric
- Cotton wrinkles easily whether the fabric is wet or dry
- Cotton absorbs liquids that spill easily and will stain or smell over time
- Although cotton takes dyes well, it means that it absorbs dye from clothing or other fabrics such as denim jeans and other clothing
Wool fabrics are primarily made from sheep or Merino sheep fur. It’s very durable, but at times, the material is scratchy, depending on how it was woven.
Wool blends are much softer. The wool is combined with other natural and synthetic textiles such as cotton or polyester. Wool tends to be a heavy feeling fabric and is well suited for couches in a cold climate or family cabin.
- Wool is an environmentally-friendly fabric
- No animals are killed to obtain the fur
- It’s fire and water-resistant
- Wool is very durable
- It doesn’t fade
- It’s resistant to mold and mildew
- Wool stains easily
- Wool makes a heavy couch fabric and may not be suited for a room with finer furniture
- Wool is expensive
- It fades if exposed to direct sunlight every day
- Wool attracts moths and should be moth-proofed before use in upholstery
Silk is a soft and opulent fabric and creates a royal atmosphere for any formal living area in your home.
For a couch material, silk wears well but needs regular care. Any soiling needs to be cleaned by a professional, and a silk couch does not hold up to regular use, especially wear and rips caused by pets.
- Silk has a delicate shine and softness
- This fabric maintains its shape and resists wrinkles
- It’s long-lasting
- Silk comes in countless colors and patterns
- Silk must be cleaned professionally
- It will fade if exposed to the sun daily
- Silk is the most expensive natural fabric
- Silk is not meant for furniture often used by pets and children
- Silk stains easily
Most couches are covered in natural leather and allow a rich-looking interior design. Leather stands up to a lot of use and spills clean up with a quick wipe as leather does not absorb liquids.
Leather is a popular choice for couch material and comes in different grades, with genuine leather being the highest grade. Leather wears well and develops character over time, adding to its sophisticated appearance.
- Very durable and long-lasting
- Cleans up easily
- Doesn’t absorb liquids unless the liquid pools on the couch and is not cleaned up
- Looks exuberant
- Stand up well to ongoing use and is family-friendly
- Sharp objects or animal claws will rip or tear leather
- It will fade if exposed to sunlight every day
- Leather can be expensive depending on the grade
- Leather holds warmth and cold at times, making it uncomfortable when sitting or lying down
Couch Materials Made of Synthetic Fibers (Pros & Cons)
Synthetic types of couch materials and fabrics are made from petroleum products. These synthetic materials are made by molding the petroleum chemicals into strands then woven into fabric.
Synthetic fabrics are typically combined with natural textiles for extra durability and made to resemble natural fabrics. Acrylic material is similar to wool in appearance and feel, and polyester that is densely woven imitates suede.
Polyester was introduced in the 1950s as a high-performance fabric often used with cotton and wool as a complementary material.
Polyester is a common microfiber fabric for furniture such as couches and is easy to take care of, resisting stains and cleaning up easy. It’s frequently blended with nylon to create a durable and stain resistant synthetic fabric material.
Polyester holds up well to regular use and comes in numerous couch colors and patterns, looking expensive. At the same time, it’s less costly than other similar-looking materials.
See this modern Frode polyester fabric sofa at Lumens
- Polyester is durable and resists fading, tears, and rips
- Comes in numerous colors and designs
- It looks very attractive on furniture and is long-lasting
- It’s a soft and comfortable fabric
- Polyester is easy to clean and dries fast, avoiding moldy smells
- It’s wrinkle-resistant
- Polyester is very flammable
- It can stretch over time and become loose
- Polyester is prone to abrasion, damaging the surface of the fabric
Acrylic is one of the most used couch fabric types and feels like wool but doesn’t stain easily, fade, wrinkle, and is easy to clean.
Acrylic comes in numerous colors and patterns, and often, couches covered with acrylic fabric come with vivid colors that look great for informal rooms or as a centerpiece in ultra-modern décor.
See this acrylic couch at Overstock
- Acrylic is easy to clean and dries quickly
- Resists wrinkling
- Resists fading
- Acrylic is soft and comes in many colors and patterns.
- Acrylic is sun-safe and won’t fade in sunlight
- It can be used on outdoor furniture.
- Acrylic will melt from high heat
- The fabric surface is subject to abrasion damage
- Acrylic is subject to pilling
- Many people are allergic to acrylic
Nylon holds the reputation for one of the strongest (not the most strongest – see below upholstery fabrics and is often added to other material blends to provide durability and resistance to fading.
It’s strong and resists tears and wrinkling but will attract pet hair. Nylon is resistant to stains and is easy to clean.
Like other synthetic fabrics, nylon comes in numerous colors and patterns to match your décor. It was created to mimic silk and has a soft feel when used for upholstering a couch or other furniture pieces.
As previously mentioned nylon is often combined with polyester to create a durable microfiber material.
See this modular couch at Wayfair
- Nylon is exceptionally strong
- It’s abrasion-resistant
- Wrinkle resistant
- Nylon is not expensive
- Nylon does not stretch or shrink
- It remains crisp and fresh, whether wet or dry
- Nylon is not very breathable
- It’s highly susceptible to runs and tears
- Nylon is not moisture wicking
- It’s not good for the environment as most of the manufacturers use crude oil to make nylon
Vinyl is an excellent fabric for couches and looks much like its more expensive look-alike leather. Vinyl is actually glossier, resistant to damage and cracking, and comes in several raised patterns to mimic other materials.
While leather upholstery lasts approximately five years, vinyl has an average life-span of 10-20 years. Vinyl is a viable option if leather is too expensive.
See this vinyl sleeper couch at Amazon
- Vinyl is easy to clean
- Vinyl is affordable and comes in many colors and patterns
- It’s resistant to tears and damage
- It’s soft and flexible
- Vinyl is resilient against flames
- If vinyl does rip or tear, it’s difficult to repair
- Some people don’t like the synthetic feel of vinyl
- It’s non-absorbent and can make skin sweaty
Next to nylon, olefin is the strongest and longest-lasting synthetic fabric for furniture and works well for couches that endure a lot of use.
It’s often used for outdoor furniture since many Olefin couches come with UV fade resistance and are machine washable.
Olefin is made from plastic pellets melted and then pushed through a spinneret that looks like a showerhead. This creates long strings that are spun into yarn and then woven into material.
This material does not absorb dye after manufacturing, so the dye is added during the melting process. Olefin resembles and feels similar to wool.
Olefin is does not stain easily or fade and will not become damaged from abrasions. It makes a well-suited fabric for furniture expected to receive a lot of use every day.
See this Olefin outdoor couch at Amazon
- Olefin does not easily tear or rip
- It does not stain and is sunlight safe
- Olefin lasts a long time and is extremely strong
- It makes a durable fabric for outside couches and furniture
- Does not absorb water
- Flame resistant
- Olefin will crease when folded
- Will absorb oil stains making the stains hard to remove
- Olefin will become brittle and crack if the material is not infused with UV inhibitors
Faux leather is often used in place of real leather as it looks very much like genuine leather. It’s commonly found on couches and other home furniture.
This versatile fabric is stain-proof and water-proof, making it easy to clean. Faux leather will not fade or crack as easily as real leather and is a great alternative when a genuine leather couch is unaffordable.
Faux leather allows the option for colors and hues to resemble leather that already developed patina from years of use. Patina is a much sought-after characteristic of many types of leather items.
- Faux leather is easy to clean and stain-proof
- It holds up longer against fading than real leather when in direct sun every day
- Faux leather is much less expensive than genuine leather
- It presents a broad mixture and variety of colors and patterns
- Faux leather is made from PVC and does not breathe well
- PVC faux leather may leak harmful chemicals on users
- Faux leather is not as durable as genuine leather
- It does not last as long
How to Choose the Best Couch Material Types
The best couch material types will perform well, clean easily, and last long. But that doesn’t always fit with the room’s décor and design.
Polyester fabric will not look good in a room with natural décor and exquisite art pieces. Wool fabric does not go well in a room that extrudes elegance and flair. It’s essential to find the best mix of durability and the right couch fabric to complement the room’s design theme.
Texture is also important. For a couch that gets used every day, a scratchy fabric will irritate skin, and some synthetic fabrics do not breathe and may cause sweating. Other couch fabric types are more conducive to comfort for family rooms, such as cotton and linen.
When choosing the best couch material, the most important factor is the couch’s location in your home and its use.
Which Fabric is Most Durable For a Sofa or Couch?
Cotton or linen fabrics get our recommendation for two of the most durable fabrics for a couch or sofa.
Durability is important but not always necessary based on the couch and its use. But even luxurious silk fabrics should be long-lasting.
Fabric durability is measured by rubs. Rub testing is a method used to determine abrasion resistance and durability of the material.
A special machine rubs fabric vigorously, and once the fabric shows damage or rips, the test is over. The number of rubs passed over the fabric is its rub count rating.
Couch fabric types with a rub count of 10,000 or less are delicate and not suggested for use on furniture. Most home furniture materials have a rub count of 15,000 to 20,000 classified as general domestic use but rub counts between 10,000 to 15,000 are for light domestic use.
General domestic use is the most common type of fabric used for homeowners. For couches that will endure pets and young children, a rub count of 25,000 to 30,000 constitutes heavy-duty fabrics, which are more appropriate.
The strongest materials have rub counts of 30,000 and are commonly used in theaters, restaurants, and public offices such as doctor’s offices and dentists.
Fabrics with a rub count higher than 30,000 are used in heavy use vehicles such as cars, trucks, boats, and machinery.
Which Fabric is Best for a Sofa or Couch?
The best fabric for a sofa or a couch is the best fabric for the couch’s placement and intended use.
Keep in mind the types of fabrics, their durability, texture, breathe-ability, color and pattern choices, and the room’s interior design where the couch will be placed.
Rushing into purchasing a couch because of an appealing color or patterned fabric could result in disaster when the material does not withstand pets, children, and frequent use.
With that said, cotton and linen fabrics are stand-outs when it comes to durability and style. However, try to avoid loose weave fabrics as they can tend to snag.
For areas of high use, children or pets, a couch or sofa made from synthetic microfiber (polyester/nylon blend) can provide superior stain resistance.
Knowledge of fabrics and their qualities, including the pros and cons, allows a smart purchase you’ll be happy with for many years.
What is your favorite couch fabric types? Please let us know below in the comments to share your favorite. For more related content visit our gallery of sofa styles here.