Types of Kitchen Sinks (Ultimate Guide)

Welcome to our guide featuring the most popular types of kitchen sinks to help you choose the best one for your home.

different sink types for residential kitchensThe kitchen sink may seem like a small detail in your kitchen design, but in fact, it is one of the busiest zones in the kitchen. It is where you do your daily cleanup, prepare food, wash dishes, and for some it even exceeds versatility as a place for bathing pets or babies.

Some even say that the sink is the hardest working fixture in the kitchen, because it is constantly used everyday, for numerous times.

With its multiple functions, it is important to choose a sink that can cater to the users needs ultimately and keep ups with the workflow of the house, while also being able to withstand the wear and tear of everyday use. In addition to this, your kitchen sink also needs to complement the prevailing style of your home to add to its visual appeal and interest.

Below, we give you our very own ultimate guide on the different types of kitchen sinks and the best ones which can help you maximize the potential of your home.

Join us as we take a look on the different sink configurations, styles, types, sizes and materials available in the market, along with some of their positive and negative features.[toc]

Three factors used in classifying kitchen sinks

Sinks have drastically changed over the years to adapt with the kitchen’s constant evolution as  the home’s central hub for activity. With such, a more diverse range of kitchen sink options are now available in the market to suit with any type of need and any type of kitchen setting.

Kitchen with undermount basin and glass mosaic tile backsplashIn general, kitchen sinks can be classified according to three basic differentiation, namely the sink configuration or size, the type of installation and the material.

Sink configuration or size – The configuration of a sink simply refers to the number of bowls or basins it has, however, it can also include secondary details like the number of faucet holes or the type of corners, whether it is rounded or square. (Read more about types of kitchen faucets here.) Examples of kitchen sink configurations include single basins, double basins or triple bowl sinks.

Kitchen with large copper apron sink in granite islandThe configuration of a sink is an important factor because it is directly related to the sink’s functionality and the effectiveness. Typically, choosing the configuration and size of your kitchen sink will depend on factors such as the size of your counter space, the size of the base cabinets and the average usage or workflow in your kitchen.

Type of installation – The type of installation of a kitchen sink refers to how it is fixed into the countertop. Some popular examples of which are top mount or drop in sinks, under mount sinks, integrated sinks and corner sinks.

MaterialThe material pertains to what the kitchen sink is made out of. There is a broad spectrum of materials available in the market and it includes stainless steel, ceramics, porcelain, fireclay, composite granite, solid surface, etc.

Undermount Sinks

Undermount sink

Under mount sinks, as their name suggests, are sinks which are mounted below the countertop. This type of sink configuration is contrary to the traditional installation method wherein the sink is installed from top down with its lips resting on the edge of the countertop cut out. With under mount sinks, there is no lip or rim.

Undermounted sinks have become quite popular in contemporary kitchens for reasons that are both practical and aesthetic. On the aesthetic side, they look updated and sleek. – Black & Decker The Book of Home Improvement, Editors of Cool Springs Press

Most under mount sinks are built with stainless steel and they work best with natural stone countertops like marble and granite. There are also copper under mount sinks available in the market and are available in in single bowl, double bowl and triple bowl variants.

One primary concern in installing under mount sinks is the possibility of leaks, but in reality this really isn’t not much of an issue. High strength epoxy, silicone caulk and metal anchors are added at the bottom of the countertop material help provide reliable adhesive to the sink while also ensuring that it is secured in place. With proper installation, under mount sinks can last a lifetime while being leak free.

Kitchen with double undermount basin

Pros of under mount sinks : Under mount sinks are typically used to give kitchens and countertops a more seamless finish and sleek look, making them an ideal choice for modern and contemporary home settings.

In addition to providing a clean aesthetic, this also has a practical function. Cleaning and maintenance is fairly easy because any type of food debris can be swept straight into the sink using a sponge or simple cloth.

Unlike a top mount sink, an under mount sink does not have any crevices where food can get trapped in or accumulate. Aside from that, there are also no lips which get in the way of your prep work in the kitchen. Lastly, under mount sinks can hold large amounts of water.

Cons of under mount sinks : However, there are still a few drawbacks to this type of sink. The biggest downside is its cost, as under mount sinks are generally more expensive than other types of kitchen sinks.

They also require more work in terms of installation because the sink needs to be glued down to the underside of the kitchen counter.

Lighter under mount sinks such as those made with stainless steel can be installed with just glue but those which are heavier, like cast iron sinks or fireclay sinks will need an added internal support.

Corner Sink

Corner sink

The corner kitchen sink is one of the least popular types of kitchen sinks. It is composed of a single tub that is placed at a corner where ends of a countertop meet.

Double corner kitchen sinks, on the other hand, are composed of double basins which are set at a right angle to each other to utilize a corner of a counter space.

Corner sinks work best for awkwardly designed kitchen layouts, or those that have limited spaces. They typically come with a built in drying area, which helps in terms of accessibility and efficiency of workflow.

Kitchen with corner basin, dark wood cabinets and quartz counters

Pros of corner kitchen sinks : Corner kitchen sinks may not offer the same advantages that come with a regularly configured sink, but they come with a lot of desirable characteristics.

For starters, they add visual interest to a space. As mentioned, corner kitchen sinks are not that common, so it is something new to the eyes, making it a unique addition to kitchens. And since it looks interesting, it can be turned into a memorable feature of the kitchen by acting as a focal point in the space.

In addition to aesthetics, corner kitchen sinks are also considered to be ideal space savers. They cleverly make use of problematic countertop areas, dead corners and neglected spaces, then turn them into a full functional part of the kitchen.

In the same way, they free up counter space, making room for more prep work and a longer counter. This makes them an ideal choice for tiny kitchens found in apartments, condominium units, pads or studios.

If you have a larger kitchen , a corner sink can be used as an extra sink for food prep and clean up, efficiently improving the workflow in your kitchen. Corner sinks also offer more flexibility as they can be placed anywhere in a kitchen counter, as long as it’s in a corner.

Double corner sinkCons of corner sinks : While the placement of corner sinks offer a smart and efficient way to utilize a kitchen layout, there are still a number of potential drawbacks to this type of sink.

Placing the sink in the corner of the kitchen means only one person can use it a time. However, you can still accommodate multiple users if you go with a double corner sink.

Kitchen corners can also have limited lighting supply and can sometimes be hard to use because f the lack of illumination. A simple solution to address this issue is to use under cabinet lighting and task lighting.

Cleaning can also be a bit of a challenge, since corners are sometimes harder to reach. Also, the space underneath a corner kitchen sink can most likely become useless, unless there is enough room for storage there.

You can opt for smart wire baskets which fit perfectly into corners so you can still use them for storing kitchen supplies. Lastly, corner kitchen sinks are quite hard to find in the market and are much more expensive than other standard types of sink. These sinks also require custom cut outs in the kitchen countertop surface.

Double Sink

double sink

The double kitchen sink or double basin sink is the most popular type of kitchen sink configuration. Also known as the “double bowl”, this type of sink features two bowls, which allows for washing on one side and rinsing r drying on the other side.

Double bowl sinks come in a wide array of configurations and sizes, from  two bowls with equal size, depth and shape, two unequal sized bowls,  two equal sized bowls with different depths to large compartment with smaller side compartments.

Due to the wide number of choices, double bowl sinks provide versatility and flexibility in terms of use. You can either use one side of your sink for washing and the other for prep work, you can put soap on the dishes in one side then rinse or dry them on the other or you can use the smaller basin for garbage disposal and reserve the larger one for clean up.

The way you use it will ultimately depend on your needs and the right setup will be greatly based on the activities and work flow in your kitchen.

Traditional kitchen with stainless double side sink

Pros of double bowl sinks : The primary benefit that a double bowl sink provides is versatility and flexibility.

As mentioned, double bowl sinks provide a lot of ways and options on how to use a sink and essentially, it can be called a “multi purpose sink”.

You can also free up counter space using a double bowl sink, while also keeping your prep area and clean up area well organized.

Cons of double bowl sinks : One downside of double bowl sinks is that either of its side can sometimes be too small to accommodate large kitchen tools such as pots, pans, baking trays and casseroles.

It is nearly impossible to soak a large pan in it because of the partition between the two basins. That is why it is not recommended for other uses like bathing babies, etc. In addition to be being too limiting for washing large items, double bowl sinks also present fewer faucet installation options.

It is also more expensive in terms of material cost and installation and is not recommended for use in small kitchens as it can be hard to fit.

Double Basin with Low Divider

Double style with low divider

A double basin sink with low divided is a popular variation of the double bowl sink. It is a double basin sink with a diver that is only half of the height or depth of the sink, rather than a full divider which rises to the level of the top sink. It is kind of like a combination of a double basin and a single basin sink.

Pros of double basin sink with low divider : Just like in a double bowl sink, a double basin  sink with low divider arrangement is ideal because of the flexibility and versatility that it affords the user.

However, compared to a regular double bowl sink, this type of sink can be used for washing large items. One side can be filled with low water and it works as a double bowl sink. But if you need to wash large items, you can fill the sink with more water until it overflows the divider.

Kitchen with dual basin with small divider

Cons of double basin sink with low divider : This configuration of the double bowl sink with low dividers can be quite hard to find and only a limited number of manufacturers produce them.

Farmhouse Sink

Farmhouse sink

Farmhouse kitchen sinks are well known for bringing in a feeling of nostalgia with its classic country charm. Farmhouse sinks, also sometimes referred to as “apron sinks” are characterized by a deep basin with a wide apron like panel or front wall that juts out slightly from the surrounding cabinetry so that it essentially forms the front of the counter.  

This type of sink is typically used for traditional kitchen settings because of its rustic character. Nowadays, farmhouse sinks have become increasingly popular even in contemporary style kitchens.

In general, traditional farmhouse sinks are a lot deeper than under mount kitchen sinks or top mount kitchen sinks. Its unique design enables the user to stand directly in front of the basin, with no countertop or cabinets getting in the way or between, thus improving the efficiency of kitchen use.

The original farmhouse sink was designed to withstand the heavy abuse and daily wear and tear of a utilitarian kitchen. In the past, women will spend a large amount of their time in the kitchen sink, preparing meals in huge proportions, washing the dishes, doing the laundry or even bathing babies. Farmhouse sinks have ultimately become a sturdy workhouse for busy women in the kitchen.

Farmhouse sinks come in different materials such as enameled cast iron, stainless steel, copper, porcelain and fireclay. But those who want to go for the authentic classic farmhouse sink, an all white ceramic model is the best option that can be explored. Most of these sinks are available in single basin types but they can also be purchased in double basin versions.

Traditionally, farmhouse sinks are installed on top of a free standing table which is fixed against a wall, with no surrounding counters. But nowadays, the most popular type of installation for farmhouse sinks is to integrate them with cabinetry and counters.

Typically, farmhouse sinks are installed just under the level of the countertop . With such, it is easier to wipe water from the countertops surface straight the sink because the counter slightly overhangs the sides of the sink. Because of their unique and special structure, farmhouse sinks typically require custom built cabinetry and countertops.

Small kitchen with butcher block counters and double sided sink

Pros of farmhouse sinks : Farmhouse sinks are ideal for the avid cooker as it provides a big room for food prep work and clean up. Its generous size can be used for washing large items such as casseroles, stock pots baking pans and  trays.

And since there is no space in between the sink and the edge of the counter, the user can get as close as possible to the sink when doing daily chores, helping reduce physical stress,  fatigue and muscle strain in the process.

In summary, farmhouse sinks are easier to work with compared to under mount and top mount sinks. In addition to these practical benefits, farmhouse sinks are also much easier to maintain. They reduce splashing and spills

Cons of farmhouse sinks : As mentioned, a farmhouse sink is originally designed to slightly jut out of the surrounding cabinetry. With such, water which flows down on the sink will run down straight to the floor rather than landing on  the cabinets.

Although it lessens the potential risk of  damaging your cabinets, your floor will be the one in danger because it receives all the dripping water. Make sure to go with ceramic tile flooring or any moisture resistant flooring as a preventive measure.

Farmhouse sinks also tend to be more expensive than other types of kitchen sinks. And often, they require much more work to install, which translates to an added cost in labor. In addition to labor and material costs, the need custom cabinets for farmhouse sinks will also amount to extra expenses.

Single Bowl Sink

Single bowl

The majority of today’s households feature single bowl kitchen sinks. A single bowl kitchen sink, as its name suggests, is consisted of a single basin without any dividers.

Pros of a single bowl sink : The primary advantage that single bowl sinks offer is versatility and flexibility in terms of use and application. single bowl sinks are available in a wide range of sizes, making them well suited for any size of kitchen, especially those which have limited counter space.

They fit a small kitchen scale better as compared to double or triple bowl sinks which have the tendency to overwhelm the space. Single basin sinks are usually available in compact sizes, making them ideal for situations where space is at a premium.

Unlike double bowl sinks which can become too limiting in terms of washing large items, a single bowl sink has plenty of room to accommodate large pots, pans or baking trays. You can lay a baking pan entirely flat inside a single bowl sink, allowing for easy deep cleaning and washing.

Aside from that, single bowl kitchen sinks are also much easier to maintain compared to other types of sinks. Cleaning is easier and a bit quicker because of the reduced corners and edges.

Single bowl sinks are also widely available in the market, which means that there are also more diverse options for its faucet. In addition this this, single bowl kitchen sinks also allows for easier faucet placement.

It can be installed as a Do it Yourself project and requires simple tools to install. It is less expensive than other types of kitchen sinks and also incurs less expenses when it comes to installation.

Single sink in island with white marble

Cons of a single bowl sink : While double bowl sinks present a much easier way to multi task, it is more difficult to work on separate activities simultaneously in a single bowl sink arrangement.

However, it is much easier to use in washing and rinsing dishes, but if you are the type who needs the sink for food prep while also washing the dishes, then again a single bowl sink isn’t the right option for you.

Most single basin sinks also do not have a built in drying tray, so make sure you provide a drying rack on the side to make tasks easier. Alternatively and if you feel that a single bowl sink is not enough to meet your needs, you can install one on the perimeter counter then set up another extra sink for your island.

If you are planning to fill up your sink with water for soaking dishes or pots, a single bowl sink will require more water and detergent. Larger single bowl sinks may require more counter space

Top Mount Sinks

Top mount placement sink

Top mount sinks are the most common type of kitchen sink. A top mount sink installs from above or over the countertop surface.

Typically, a hole is cut into the countertop material based on the template of the actual sink. The sink is then “dropped in” onto the hole, then its rim is sealed with caulk or silicone to fully adhere it to the counter.

This manner of installation is also the reason as to why they are referred to as “drop in” sinks. Top mounted sinks are also known as self rimming, surface mounted or over mount sinks. Unlike under mount sinks, the lips around the perimeter of a top mount sink are visible.

Top mount sinks are widely available in the market and are sold in different materials such as enameled cast iron, porcelain, glass, and vitreous china as well as in stainless steel. Top mount sinks may either be single or double bowl, or in some cases even triple bowl.

Large kitchen with top mounted sink and white acrylic cabinets

Pros of top mount sinks : The best advantage that a top mount sink has is its affordable price. In terms of both materials and labor, top mount sinks are cheaper compared to other types of sinks.

In fact, you can buy double basin top mounted sinks at local home improvement stores at an average price of $200 to $250, which is almost half the price of its under mount counterpart.

In addition to its reasonable price, top mount sinks are also DIY friendly and can be installed with no special skills required, provided that a hole is already cut in place on the countertop surface.

Installation of top mount sinks can be finished in less than an hour or so. If done by a professional, the installation price for top mount sinks is also relatively lower than an under mount sink and has an average cost of around $50.

Top mount sinks also works for a lot of types of countertop materials. It can be attached to almost anything, from natural stones like marble or granite, to synthetic materials like quartz, solid surface or tiles.

If placed over a delicate countertop material such as marble, a top mount sink can help secure its edges.

However, top mount sinks do not work for laminate countertops. Actually, laminate is not the issue in this type of installations but the substrate material that it is attached to, like MDF or particleboard.

Medium density fiber boards are too weak to hold fasteners with no backers, such as screws, nuts, bolts or washers. A top mount sink is also not constrained in size by the walls of your cabinet.

Another important benefit of top mount sinks is accessibility. With a top mount sink, all the working areas of the sink are visible and reachable. With such, this type of sink is also easier to clean, unlike under mount sinks wherein the gap at the top where it joins the counter can be a zone for the build up of food residue.

However, in some cases, the visible seam formed between the countertop and the lip or rim of a top mount sink can collect gunk as well, that is if it is not properly caulked with a silicone sealant. Bits of food that are stuck underneath the lip can prompt the development of unwanted mold and bacteria.

But as mentioned, with top mount sinks you have more visibility of the possible build up of scum or dirt and you can address it quickly. It is also recommended that a top mount sink be re-caulked or reapplied with sealant every three to five years.

Cons of top mount sinks : For most homeowners, the major drawback of a top mount sink is its appearance. Top mount sinks do not have a sleek look unlike undermount sinks which have a modern appearance.

A top mount sink has the tendency to lack appeal and look unattractive when placed over a countertop made of high-end material like granite, quartz or marble, since they cover the edges of the countertop material.

In terms of daily maintenance and use, the rim or lip of a top mount sink can also pose a problem since it prevents you from sweeping debris, water spills or overflow from the counter’s surface directly  into the sink. Although cleanup is generally more easy and all parts of the sink are highly accessible, the rim or lip of a top mount sink also needs to be cleaned regularly.

Composite Sinks

Solid surface island with composite sinkComposite sinks are one of the most practical innovations in the kitchen design scene. They are considered to be among the most durable sink options today, offering the best quality and impressive superiority when it comes to resistance to heat, chipping and scratches.

Also known as “composite stone ” or  “granite sink”, composite kitchen sinks are an engineered product, mainly composed of a mix of natural granite stone dust mixed with acrylic resins as a binder. This mixture is then molded into sink form and subjected to high pressure.

There are also popular variants of composite sinks which are manufactured with  quartz dust and acrylic resins, but there are also acrylic blends available in the market. The natural toughness and distinct appearance of composite sinks come from their unique material composition, compact construction and high stone density.

Pros of composite sinks : The biggest advantage and most notable attribute of composite sinks is their extreme durability. As mentioned, there is no other sink material that can match up its remarkable resistance to heat.

Composite sinks can withstand temperatures up to 535 degrees Fahrenheit, which means that they are invulnerable to damage from hot pots and pans. With such, marring the sink’s surface is the least of your worries.

In addition to heat resistance, composite sinks are also scratch resistant and do not chip or dent. They are practically indestructible by sharp utensils, silverware or dropped dishes.

Composite sinks are also non porous and hygienic, preventing the growth of molds and any unwanted bacteria. In terms of installation, a composite sink does not require any form of sealing, unlike other sink materials.

Granite sink with marble countertopsGranite composite kitchen sink

Composite sinks also present a wide array of choices and variety. They come in different styles, sizes, shapes, finishes, and color options, which means they can be matched with practically any type of countertop material.  

While black, white and brown are the most popular color choices for composite sinks, they are available in a broad spectrum of designer colors to match any kitchen setting or style of decor.  

In addition to the attractive looks, composite sinks also have a consistent look all throughout. As opposed to a natural granite stone sink which feature variations of color throughout the material, a composite sink possesses an even and uniform color through and through.

Cons of composite sinks: Although composite sinks are heat, stain and scratch resistant, they are still damageable by harsh chemicals. So utmost care must be observed when cleaning this type of sink.

Make sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions in cleaning its surface and what product to use as cleaning agents and what to avoid pouring into the sink.

Due to the natural hardness of composite sinks, a glassware can easily break when dropped into its surface, as compared to other sink types which are more forgiving.

Cost wise, composite sinks are more expensive than its stainless steel and porcelain counterparts. While a composite sink has a distinct beauty of its own, it does not work for homeowners who want a natural look for their kitchen.

If you are looking for a more color variations in a sink’s looks, a composite sink may not be the option for you.

Island, Bar or Prep Sinks

Kitchen with contrasting island in brown against white main cabinetsA bar sink is a type of sink that is typically used as a supplementary sink for food preparation. It is also sometimes referred to as an “island sink” or “bar sink”  because it is commonly installed on kitchen islands or bars.

Island sinks are smaller in size compared to regular kitchen sinks and are often single bowl. They come in a wide variety of  sizes, models, and finishes.

Pros of an island sink : The addition of a kitchen island sink is often a staple among kitchen layouts with center islands because of the functional benefits that it provides.

Perhaps the most valuable advantage that it gives is convenience. An island sink acts as a centralized preparation area for quick clean ups, easy food prep and for washing hands.

You can easily wash your ingredients in the island sink then transfer it to your fridge from the island or you can easily bring it to the range for cooking. In addition, an island sink also allows for multiple users in the kitchen.

Two or more people can simultaneously perform tasks without disrupting each other’s work flow. No need to worry about bumping elbows while preparing food in the kitchen.

Another benefit of installing a sink in the center island is that maintains openness in the kitchen. A kitchen island typically has open four sides, which allows you to socialize with people even while you’re doing tasks  in the kitchen.

Aside from that, island sinks are also easy to install. To top it all off, adding an island sink can also help increase the resale value of your home.

Cons of an island sink : There aren’t so many downsides to having an island sink in your kitchen or bar since they are only add-ons or supplementary. In some cases, homeowners install them with the intent of providing an extra prep area in the kitchen, but they rarely end up using them.

Integrated Sink

Kitchen with integrated sink within the island with beige marbleIntegrated sinks, also known as integral sinks, are sinks which are built in to the countertop surface. Unlike other types of sink, integrated sinks are custom built or tailor made according to your counter specifications and are fused in place in the factory.

It is the only type of sink that is not produced by sink manufacturers but instead made by counter manufacturers such as Dupont and Samsung.

Integrated sinks are made up of solid surface materials and some of its popular brands are Corian which is made by Dupont and Staron which is made by Samsung. Although commonly found in bathrooms, this can also be used for kitchen applications.

Pros of integrated sinks : The best thing about integrated sinks is that they eliminate all of the downsides of top mount sinks and under mount sinks.

With integrated sinks, there are no problematic zones such as lips or rims, which also reduces the possibility of gunk build up. Food residues, dirt and water can be easily cleaned because the counter flows seamlessly into the sink.

In addition to its practical benefits and easy maintenance, integrated sinks also provide a clean look and seamless appearance. The smooth transition between the countertop surface continuing down to the sink conforms to the minimalist aesthetic of modern and contemporary kitchen settings.

And since integrated sinks are made up of the same material as the countertop, expect that they possess the same inherent toughness and durability.

Solid surface integrated sinks are known for being naturally resistant to stains. They do not get easily damaged from impacts and prevent the growth of bacteria and molds.

Cons of integrated sinks : The biggest drawback of integrated sinks is their high cost. They are more expensive than the regular stainless steel sink.

Apron Sinks

Farmhouse design with fluted apron sink Apron sinks and farmhouse sinks are interchangeable terms in the kitchen design industry. In terms of appearance, both of these types of sink look closely similar. However, there is one slight difference between the two.

A farmhouse sink is a deep basin typically finished in all four sides with a wide apron like panel or wall, whereas with an apron sink, the finished part is only the front.

Also, a farmhouse kitchen sink is sort of a very basic deep  basin, while an apron kitchen sink has a “lip” where the cabinet or countertop gets tucked behind.

It is called an apron sink because of the large forward facing panel that is located at the front part of the sink.

Farmhouse apron basinFireclay farmhouse apron sink

Pros of apron kitchen sinks :The advantages of an apron sink and a farmhouse sink are obviously the same. Apron kitchen sinks have larger capacities compared to other kitchen sink types, making it the perfect choice for avid cooks.

An apron sink does not only give generous amount of space for clean up and food prep work, but it can also be used for other activities like bathing a pet or a baby.

Large items like casserole, baking trays, pans and stock pots can easily fit in an apron sink and using it is easy since there is no cabinet that gets in between.

Lastly, apron front sinks can also help reduce splashes and spills and are relatively easy to maintain.

Cons of apron kitchen sinks : Any dripping liquid in front of your apron sink will go directly to your floor, possibly causing damage if your flooring material is not that reliable.

The cost of apron sinks is also one of its major drawbacks because generally it is more expensive than other types of sink. Aside from that, an apron sink is also much harder to install and would often need custom cabinetry.

Black Sinks

Kitchen with black sink in built in island with black marble counterBlack kitchen sinks are a new take on the conventional, standard white sink. Typically, this type of sink is made from composite granite or ceramic.

Black kitchen sinks generally contribute a stylish flair to kitchens. This type of sink has different advantages and disadvantages depending on the material used in its production. However, below are some of its stand out characteristics.

Pros of black kitchen sinks – In terms of appearance, black kitchen sinks have a trendy and sleek appeal which is perfect for modern kitchen settings.

Since it has a neutral color, it works perfectly with most color schemes, but looks extra stunning when paired with black kitchen appliances and decor.

Alternatively, a black kitchen sink can also be used as a focal point for your kitchen, particularly if contrasted with light colors. Compared to white kitchen sinks, black kitchen sinks  will also retain their good appearance far longer.

This type of sink is low maintenance and easy to clean. Because of its dark color, it does not show any type of dirt easily. Stains also do not form on black sinks as compared to light colored sinks. Lastly, most black sinks are rated for heavy duty use and can withstand daily wear and tear.

Cons of black kitchen sinks – In general, black kitchen sinks cost more than white kitchen sinks. Compared to white sinks which can make kitchen s appear more airy, clean and bright, a black sink does not work with the same effects. It does not help much with lighting.

Small Sinks

Kitchen with small sink, island, and quartz countertopsAside from the standard kitchen sink size of 20 by 30 inches, most kitchen sink suppliers produce smaller models which are highly suited for small residential spaces like flats, studios or apartments.

More often, a small kitchen sink is available in a single bowl model. You will rarely find kitchen sinks that have double basins or triple basins which are designed to fit small counter spaces. One of the most common types of small kitchen sinks are bar sinks or island sinks.

Pros of small kitchen sinks : The primary advantage of a small kitchen sink is it helps maximize a small counter space, while providing a basic zone for cleanup and food prep.

Cons of a small kitchen sink : For the obvious reasons, a small kitchen sink will not be able to accommodate the same number of dishes and the same sizes of items that a standard size sink can fit.

It is not advisable for households who enjoy hosting large gatherings, however, it is the perfect option for a bachelor/bachelorette, a couple, a student or houses with one to two occupants. Small kitchen sinks can also be a bit more difficult to work with because of their limited size.

Deep Sinks

Deep double sink in steelStainless steel double basin deep kitchen sink

The depth of a kitchen sink mostly varies anywhere from  6 to 12 inches. If you are looking for a deep basin to work with in your kitchen, consider models which come in 8 to 12 inches deep and has a width of 33 to 36 inches.

Pros of deep kitchen sinks:  The main advantage that a deep kitchen sink provides is versatility. Deep basin kitchen sinks allows you to easily soak or wash a big pans, stock pots, numerous quantities of dishes.

Aside from that, it is also very handy in preparing large amounts of food. Whether you are an avid cooker or not, a deep sink can help provide an easier and more convenient work space in the kitchen.

Free Standing Sink

Freestanding sink in stainless A freestanding sink is a type of utility sink that has its own pedestal or legs, unlike other types of sinks which usually need a base cabinet for installation.

Rather than being attached to a countertop, free standing kitchen sinks sit on a freestanding base. It comes in a wide variety of materials, but is more commonly available in single bowl configurations with drying boards.

Outdoor Sink

Outdoor bar sinkSome homeowners opt for an added kitchen outside their home, where they can prepare meals during parties or host important gatherings. And since an outdoor kitchen is typically fully furnished in the same way an indoor kitchen is, one of its major features is the kitchen sink.

When it comes to choosing the perfect kitchen sink for outdoor use, make sure to consider two general factors : durability and low maintenance. Outdoor kitchen sinks need to be resilient to any type of outdoor element and they must be made to withstand constant weather and temperature changes.

Since sinks are produced to adapt with water (or are naturally impervious), most of its types will work just fine in an outdoor setting. The most common type of sinks for outdoor use are made up of stainless steel, but other options like copper, concrete, marble, soapstone and granite are also reliable options.

Luxury outdoor kitchen with sink in granite countertopsFor stainless steel outdoor sinks, make sure to look for metals which have a good thickness, gauge and quality.

Copper sinks are also another great pick as they are rust resistant and do not promote the growth of mildew.

If opting to go with copper outdoor sinks, choose one with supreme quality as those with less pure copper can react differently to outdoor elements and are more likely to turn green over time.

Concrete kitchen sinks are also another good option for outdoor settings because they require low maintenance.

Regardless of the type of material for your outdoor kitchen sink, make sure to maintain it regularly to maximize its lifespan.

Wipe using a damp cloth and a mild dish detergent – water solution for cleaning  and remove any type of debris such as food residue, leaves or twigs which can get stuck in it. You can also purchase sink covers to protect them when not in use.

Modern Sink

Kitchen with retractable handle sink, island, and marble countersFor modern kitchen settings, make sure to go with a sink style that has minimalist aesthetics, an angular form and a streamlined design.

The key is to choose a sink which will create a sleek appearance when placed in your kitchen counter. Look for sinks which have straight edges and less details.

The most popular forms of kitchen sinks used for modern kitchen settings are granite or quartz composite sinks, stainless steel sinks and integrated sinks.

Integrated sinks are a perfect choice for modern kitchen sinks because they create a smooth transition between the countertop surface and the sink itself. Stainless steel sinks are also a popular choice for modern kitchen sinks because of their sharp color, polished finish and industrial looks.

Country Sink

Country double basin The country style kitchen is all about producing a laid back vibe, natural warmth and a cozy lived in feel. And the easiest way to evoke this classic country charm and traditional vibe is through the use of a farmhouse sink.

Most homeowners tend to go with this choice because farmhouse sinks have a classic look which reminds us of good old home cooked meals and country side living.

Unlike other types of kitchen sinks like stainless steel sinks which are geared towards more modern aesthetics, a farmhouse kitchen sink has a more casual look.

Vintage Sink

Freestanding vintage sink with wood legsVintage freestanding kitchen sink

In design terms, “vintage” refers to styles which originated during the 1930’s to the 1950’s. This styles are known for being playful, classic and for having a retro charm. When looking for sinks in a vintage kitchen setting, opt for something which carries out a strong old fashioned feel.

The most popular design of a vintage kitchen sinks have a rectangular shape with rounded edges,  a full apron front, a built in wide splashboard and generally a bulky look.

These sinks are typically molded and come with a built in drying board, whether it is a double basin or single basin model. Some popular materials used for vintage kitchen sinks are ceramic, porcelain, fireclay and cast iron sinks.

To complete the vintage look of your kitchen, make sure to pair the sink with black or antique metal finish traditional style fixtures and fittings.

Kitchen Sink Materials

Kitchen with undermount sink Stainless Steel Sink

Stainless steel is the most popular material used for sinks. In fact, around 70% of sinks sold in the market are made up of this material. The simplicity and practicality that stainless steel sinks offer make them a common go to for kitchens.

There are many stainless steel sinks available in the market and they come in single bowl, double bowl or triple bowl varieties and they may either be top mounted or undermounted. One leading brand of stainless steel sinks is Franke.

Stainless steel sinks are classified in terms of gauge. The lower the gauge of the stainless steel is, the heavier the material and the higher the gauge is, the lighter the material.

The majority of the stainless steel sinks sold in the market fall within the range of  15 to 24 gauge, while those which are used for residential applications are usually between 18 and 22. In inches, that translates to a sheets that have a thickness which range from .048″ to .030″.

Naturally, when we think of the stainless steel, most of us assume that the heavier gauge of stainless steel equates to a better performing sink.

However, that is not always the case as it has been proven that the gauge of the steel has very little impact on the sink’s overall quality. Though generally, stainless steel sinks with heavier gauge are slightly more resistant to denting. Aside from that, they also make less noise.

Brushed stainless rectangular sinkStainless steel apron sink

Pros of stainless steel kitchen sinks : Most homeowners tend to go with stainless steel sinks because they can easily match the fixtures in the kitchen such as the handles, faucets and appliances. They can fit with any type of design aesthetic, whether it may be a contemporary or modern kitchen.

Stainless steel sinks also offer versatility in terms of installation. You can look for drop in varieties if you want to undertake on the installation as a DIY project. Cost wise, stainless steel sinks are highly affordable. Compared to other types of sink materials, stainless steel cost less. Although they also come in high end varieties which can cast up to $300 from designer brands like Kohler and Blanco.

Lastly, stainless steel sinks are also resistant to heat, so you do not need to worry about hot pans or pots marring it’s surface.

Cons of stainless steel kitchen sinks : Even if they are considered to be highly durable, stainless steel sinks tend to scratch more easily than other materials. They are also prone to water marks,, which are quite unpleasant to the sight.

Stainless steel sinks can be more difficult to clean and maintaining a spot less appearance is nearly impossible.

Aside from that, stainless steel sinks tend to be quite louder than other materials, so silverware and other pots and pans dropped onto its surface can sometimes make noise and clatter. But the noise can be reduced by spraying, coating or padding the sink.

Cost of stainless steel kitchen sinks : On the average, the cost of stainless steel kitchen sinks range from $100 to $800.

Porcelain Sink

Large porcelain sinkLarge porcelain apron style sink

Also known as ceramic, porcelain is a type of building material that is mainly composed of a mixture of natural clay, glass and metal. It was originally created in China during the 7th century as a primary material for creating pottery and precious dinnerware.

Nowadays, we know porcelain as one of the most popular types of tiles in the industry, but it is also frequently used as a material for producing kitchen and bathroom sinks.

What sets apart porcelain from other materials is its low moisture absorbency or low porosity. This is also the main reason as to why porcelain tiles are rated as non vitreous, meaning they are impermeable by water and moisture.

In terms of kitchen sink application, porcelain helps prevent leakage and makes a longer lasting material that can withstand any sort of water abuse.

Typically, solid porcelain kitchen sinks are white in color, but they are available in a wide range of colors and shapes which can be used for any type of kitchen style.

There are also several variations of porcelain sinks which are actually made up of cast iron or steel covered with a layer of porcelain  enamel on the top. This gives the sink added durability.

Between these three types, solid porcelain and cast iron sinks with porcelain enamels are more heavy but are generally more durable compared to steel with porcelain enamel.

Pros of porcelain kitchen sinks : One of the main advantages of porcelain sinks is its classic look. Also for some, this can be quite a disadvantage because it may appear too ‘universal”, however,  it can also be a positive feature since mixing and matching is more easy when it comes to different kitchen design styles.

The neutral color of porcelain kitchen sinks works with a lot of color palettes and its classic beauty works timelessly in any type of kitchen setting.

In addition to this, it adds more warmth to a space as compared to the utilitarian looks of a stainless steel or metal kitchen sink. This also provides an added practical benefit since any form of dirt is highly visible on its light colored surface and can be easily cleaned.

Typically, porcelain sinks also have a more rounded look with no corners, eliminating the possibility of debris or any type of food residue to become stuck in between corners. Although some porcelain sinks come in rectangular forms, most of them still have a rounded edge.

Solid porcelain sinks are also very durable, but those with a cast iron or steel base coated with porcelain enamel are more superior when it comes to strength. They do not get damaged from high temperature or exposure to heat.

Cons of porcelain kitchen sinks : Since porcelain sinks are generally not as sturdy as other kitchen sink materials, they always have the tendency to break, crack or chip, and unfortunately these sort of damages cannot be easily repaired.

In some cases, there may also be a need to replace the entire sink. However, small chips or minor cracks may be remedied using do-it-yourself kits or through the help of professionals.

Compared to stainless steel sinks, porcelain kitchen sinks are harder to maintain and clean. Although abrasive pads can be used to remove any dirt or stain from porcelain sinks, these pads can sometimes scratch or dull its surface. Over time, porcelain kitchen sinks also tend to discolor and develop some irremovable marks.

Although durable and generally not affected by temperature,  porcelain sinks can be easily damaged by sharp objects. Hard impacts such as dropping a piece of dishes or glassware can cause the sink to chip.

Cost of porcelain kitchen sinks : Porcelain kitchen sinks and stainless steel sinks both have roughly the same cost, with average prices running anywhere between $200 to $400. Custom designed porcelain sinks, however, cost more and may reach as much as $1,000 per piece.

Copper Sink

Hand hammered copper sinkHand hammered copper farmhouse sink

Copper metal has been used in multiple interior and exterior applications for the home, whether as a finishing material, as fixtures, decor pr accessories. More recently, this material has been picking up steam as a material for kitchen and bathroom sinks because of its high appeal and distinct aesthetics.

Over the year, copper kitchen sinks have become a more glamorous alternative to conventional kitchen sinks such as stainless steel or porcelains.

Typically, copper kitchen sinks are made from a single sheet of copper which is hammered and exposed to water and air to form a unique patina. This patina enhances the rich color of copper sinks, giving them a more deep hue.

The dramatic appearance of copper kitchen sinks as it age makes it well loved by many as it develops a different look over time. For others who want to keep its original warm color, copper kitchen sinks are typically coated with a preservative.

Whether you are going for a natural look or an aged patina appearance, copper sinks will surely give your kitchen a fresh and unique style.

Pros of copper kitchen sinks : When it comes to appeal and visual aesthetics, copper kitchen sinks are at the top of kitchen sink materials.

As other would describe them, copper kitchen sinks have an eternally alluring glamour and an exquisite look. In addition to the high end beauty and stylish flair, there are other benefits which make copper sinks a good addition to your home.

Copper metal is antimicrobial and very hygienic, making them highly appropriate for use as as a kitchen sink. Compared to other traditional kitchen sink materials which can promote the growth of unwanted molds, mildew and bacteria, a copper sink tends to kill these harmful substances within a couple of hours.

With that, this type of kitchen sink may also be used for soaking vegetables or fruits, without having to worry about sanitation. Also, copper kitchen sinks do not easily corrode and rust, compared to other metal sinks because they gave a natural anti rusting property.

Design wise, copper kitchen sinks provide a lot of options for homeowners since they are available in a wide array of styles and types.  

Depending on your personal preference in style, you can go with a smooth finished copper kitchen sink or alternatively, you can opt for a hammered finish. There are also variants of copper kitchen sinks which come with artistic details and designs, which makes them a unique feature and a stunning focal point for your home.

Cons of copper kitchen sinks : There are still a number of drawbacks to using copper kitchen sinks, and one of the major problems which you can encounter with it is their sensitivity or high level of reactivity to different elements.

This type of kitchen sink has the tendency to darken over time and stains more easily. Although it ages gracefully with the presence of patina, this patina also has the tendency to become damaged by acidic substances such as orange juice, lemon juice, vinegar or even toothpaste.

Copper kitchen sinks are also sensitive to hot temperatures or abrasive cleaners, which can cause it’s smooth, hammered surface  to become damaged or rough.

When it comes to maintenance, cleaning copper kitchen sinks is generally time consuming and requires more effort. After every use, the sink needs to be dried with a towel in order to prevent water spots from developing.

Its surface also needs to be frequently cleaned with a mild soap and water solution to keep its finish more intact, while also retaining the effectivity of its antimicrobial properties.

Period maintenance using wax and sealers is also needed to keep its appeal and lustrous appearance. Painting, lacquering, varnishing and coated is also necessary.

Low grade copper sinks also easily dent or warp and may need repair or replacement in a shorter period of time, translating to added costs. In general, copper kitchen sinks are also more expensive compared to traditional materials such as stainless steel, porcelain and ceramic.

Cost of copper kitchen sinks : The price of copper kitchen sinks may range anywhere between less than $200 to more than $4,000.

This differs depending on the type of sink configuration, the size, copper gauge, number of bowls and its style or added artistic detailing.

For example, copper top mount kitchen sinks have an average price of $150 to $2500, but high end custom made variants can reach to as much as $4500.

Copper under mount kitchen sinks, on the other hand, cost as low as $125, while the standard types can reach up to $2,500 and the custom made variants can reach up to $3,500.

Lastly, copper apron and farmhouse kitchen sinks are the most expensive types with prices ranging anywhere from $500 to $2800 for the standard type sinks, while the custom made variants can amount to as much as $3500 per piece.

Cast Iron Sink

Cast iron enameled sinkCast iron enameled sink

One of the oldest materials used for kitchen sinks is cast iron, and up until this day, it remains to be one of the most popular choices for homeowners.

Cast iron sinks are made, literally, by “casting iron” or by covering it with a coating of enamel. Iron in itself or in its bare state, is extremely prone to corroding and rusting, but covering it with a heavy porcelain enamel finish gives it an extremely tough surface which can resist any form of scratching or stains.

If you were to strip the enamel off of a cast iron kitchen sink,the result is a rough texture that is almost similar to a cast iron skillet. However, enameled cast iron kitchen sinks have a bright and glossy finish that is smooth to the touch and highly appealing to many homeowners.

Pros of cast iron kitchen sinks : Cast iron is one of the most durable materials in the market, especially when it is coated with a hard porcelain enamel coating. This coating used for cast iron kitchen sinks is not just an ordinary paint finish but it is actually melted glass fused with bare iron, that is why it is extremely tough, durable and long lasting.

This type of kitchen sink is well suited to the wear and tear of everyday use and can withstand almost any type of element, including acidic substances. In addition to its durability, cast iron kitchen  sinks are easy to clean and long lasting.

It has a smooth surface and a glassy finish which does not show any water spots easily and does not stain quickly. The porcelain enamel coating of cast iron kitchen sinks  also have a good resistance to light, discoloration and fading.

Cast iron sinks also have a strong classic, traditional or retro appeal, which makes them suited for a lot of kitchen design settings. Modern cast iron sinks are produced in a wide array of styles and colors which one can choose from, however, expect to pay a little extra for variants which do not have the standard white enamel finish.

Cons of cast iron  kitchen sinks : The main drawback of using cast iron kitchen sink is its heavy weight, making it an inappropriate option for DIY installation.

An average sized cast iron sink typically weighs 100 lbs or even more, which is twice or thrice as much more than a standard stainless steel sink. Because of this heavy weight, installation is much more harder especially if the sink is under mount because it will need an additional support to hold it in place.

Although generally durable, the enamel coating of a cast iron kitchen sink can still chip, and once the iron base is exposed, the sink can quickly begin to rust and corrode over time.

However, there are more stronger modern porcelain enamel kitchen sinks which are available in the market which you can choose from to ensure a more longer lasting product.

Cost of cast iron kitchen sinks : Compared to stainless steel kitchen sinks, cast iron kitchen sinks are generally more expensive, with prices starting at $300 and ranging up to $900.

Standard white enamel cast iron sinks are more cheaper than modern versions. For example, a standard white Kohler cast iron sink costs $600 but its black counterpart sell at $850. While the cashmere colored version is prices at $900 per piece.  

Granite Sink

Granite stone material sink with low dividerGranite composite sink with low divider

Granite kitchen sinks are also more popularly known as composite kitchen sinks. This type of sink is made by crushing natural granite stone and combining it with a resin binder to reinforce its strength.

This mixture varies depending on the manufacturer and the product, but typically, most of them follow a  80% stone to 20% resin ratio.

The combination of these materials produces a sink that has the same aesthetic qualities of real granite stone but minus the issues associate with this type of material. In general, granite kitchen sinks re well known for their impressive durability and easy maintenance

In some cases, granite is substituted with powdered quartz to create another durable sink material and this product is better known as composite quartz kitchen sinks.

There are actually two types of granite kitchen sinks available in the market. As mentioned, the most popular one is the granite composite sink which was discussed earlier.

Another type is the solid granite sink which is made up of natural stone only. Solid natural granite sinks may either be made up of a single block of granite or pieces of granite slabs which are joined together.

The former is more expensive as it makes use of more raw materials and takes a longer time to produce. Whereas the latter is cheaper because it is only made up of cuts of granite that are put together, essentially lowering production costs and time.

Since solid granite kitchen sinks are made up of a natural stone material, they are not as strong or as durable as their composite counterparts. This type of kitchen sink can easily get damaged when a heavy object falls into its surface, presenting the possibility of cracking or breaking along the joints.

For kitchen sink applications, it is best to go with composite granite sinks rather than the solid granite variants.

Pros of composite granite kitchen sinks : Composite granite sinks are best known for their durability. This type of kitchen sink is extremely tough, and resists scratches and stains.

In fact, most manufacturers claim it to be the most durable and the longest lasting sink material available in the market. Composite granite sinks are also chip resistant  they do not easily dent or break from the impact of heavy objects.

Aside from its remarkable durability, composite granite sinks are also well known for their stunning looks. This type of sink can work well as a focal point in a kitchen setting, especially when combined with the right countertop color.

Unlike other kitchen sink materials, composite granite sinks possess a natural beauty and distinctive warmth that most metal kitchen sinks lack.

Cons of composite granite kitchen sinks : Perhaps the greatest downside to composite granite kitchen sinks is its heavy weight. In its natural state, granite is already heavy.

When used as a material for kitchen sinks, granite composite is far more heavier than other sink materials and requires an additional support.

A reinforced countertop and added equipment is needed during installation, thus it is more advisable to be done by a professional rather than as a DIY project. Consequently, this also results to additional expenses in terms of labor costs for the overall project.

Though the color of composite granite sinks are more uniform and extends “through and through” the material and even if they are classified to be scratch resistant, some marks may still show on darker surfaces.

Natural solid granite kitchen sinks, on the other hand, present different drawbacks, as they are naturally porous. They need to be sealed regularly in order to protect the material from any type of damage.

This in turn translates to extra work and additional expenses on top of the cost of the sink itself. Without the protective seal, a natural solid granite kitchen sink is most likely to gradually break down after years of use.  

In terms of maintenance, natural solid granite kitchen sinks require more maintenance compared to other materials. Typically, a mild abrasive is needed to prevent the surface of the sink from getting scratched.

Once a natural solid granite kitchen sink becomes stained, a special granite cleaner is needed to remove it, while if it gets scratched, a professional needs to be hired to refurbish its surface.

Aside from that, you may also need a “stone soap”, which is usually available in most hardware stores, to give your granite kitchen sink a good shine.

Cost of composite granite kitchen sinks :  Compared to other types of kitchen sinks, a granite kitchen sink costs far more expensive with an average between $300 and $600.

Although it costs more, composite granite sinks prove to be wise investments because of their long lifespan and functionality.

Fireclay Sink

Fireclay sink with reversible designFireclay farmhouse sink

Fireclay is more commonly associated with farmhouse style or apron kitchen sinks. Fireclay kitchen sinks are made by molding ceramic clay into the shape of a sink then allowing it to dry and heating it at an extremely high temperature of 1600 degrees, for a period of up to 40 hours.

Once the clay has dried, it is then coated with a porcelain enamel glaze and placed in a tunnel kiln, and fire again for a period of around 20 hours under a temperature of 2000⁰F.

Subjecting the sink to heating at a very high temperature causes the glaze and the clay to fuse together, creating a more uniformed yet unique look.

When fused together, the result is an extremely hard and tough sink material that looks almost identical to enameled cast iron sinks. By far, fireclay makes one of the most durable sinks available in the market.

Although fireclay sinks are commonly associated with farmhouse style or apron kitchen sinks, this type of sink comes in a wide variety of styles.

Most people are drawn to it because of its traditional appeal and timeless looks. Each piece of fireclay kitchen sink is handcrafted, ensuring that it is entirely one of a kind.

Part of its charm includes variations in the appearance and distinct details which make it a stunning focal point for kitchen settings.

Pros of fireclay kitchen sinks : In addition to its high visual appeal, fireclay kitchen sinks are also prized for their customizability and versatility.

As mentioned, each piece of fireclay kitchen sink is handcrafted and tailor made according to one’s specifications.  

Aside from that fireclay kitchen sinks are also non porous and resistant to acids and alkali. It also does not get scratched easily and is generally a durable sink compared to other materials.

Cons of fireclay kitchen sinks : Although customizable, fireclay sinks can be quite rare and hard to find. It is also available in limited colors.

Although fireclay sinks are extremely durable, it does not mean that it is indestructible. More often the enamel glaze can chip from hard impacts of a dropped object over the sink’s surface.

However, if they do chip, a fireclay kitchen sink tends to show a solid white, not black material underneath, mainly due to its composition.

Without proper care, a fireclay kitchen sink can also be susceptible to stains. But with proper installation and maintenance, this type of sink can surely last for years.

Installation wise, fireclay kitchen  sinks require additional support because of its heavy weight. It is not recommended to be undertaken as a do it yourself project and would require the services of a professional.

Cost of fireclay kitchen sinks : Fireclay kitchen sinks are one of the most expensive options in the market. They fall on the higher end of the spectrum with prices ranging from $400 to $500 for single bowl models. Larger versions of fireclay kitchen sinks cost more at $750 and above per piece.

Ceramic Sink

Undermount ceramic sinkCeramic kitchen sinks are mainly composed of raw materials like clay, glass, quartz and metal. This type of sink is almost similar to a fireclay sink, but is made from a mixture of materials rather than pure clay.

It is a more budget friendly option compared to fireclay sinks but has its own notable attributes which make it a good choice for kitchens.

Ceramic kitchen sinks have been around in the market for decades and throughout the years it has proven itself to be one of the most reliable materials in the kitchen industry. Its material composition produces a smooth, impervious surface that does not absorb much water, making it the ideal choice for kitchen sinks.

Unlike fireclay sinks which usually come in limited designs, you can find ceramic sinks in a more diverse array of of shapes and style. It comes as a farmhouse sink and is also available in drop-in versions – basically presenting more options for homeowners to find the right one which matches their own preference and the prevailing style of their home.

Pros of ceramic kitchen sinks : As mentioned, the primary benefit of ceramic sinks is that it has low moisture absorbency. Its impenetrable surface is practically stain resistant and is easy to maintain.

In fact, you can clean ceramic sinks with just the use of normal household cleaning products and a basic mild dish detergent and water solution using a damp cloth. Deep cleaning is also a breeze since you can do it using vinegar or a diluted solution of bleach.

Lastly, although ceramic kitchen sinks cannot be recycled, it can however be downcycled. Once removed from your home, ceramic sinks are typically ground up into a powder form that is used to produce new ceramic products, lessening the waste in the environment.

Cons of ceramic kitchen sinks : Although durable, the major difference between ceramic kitchen sinks and fireclay sinks is that the former is more sensitive.

Ceramic kitchen sinks can handle  normal kitchen temperatures but is likely to get damaged from high temperatures, meaning a hot pan, cast iron skillet or a very hot pot coming from the gas stove can potentially harm the surface of your sink.

Ceramic kitchen sinks are also prone to cracks, chips and scratches. Once badly damaged, a ceramic kitchen sink cannot be repaired but instead, it has to be replaced entirely.

Unlike composite granite kitchen sinks which have a uniform color all throughout, most ceramic sinks differ slightly in color and finish because it is mainly made from raw materials.

And although it can be downcycled, ceramic kitchen sinks aren’t really a “green” choice because its production process uses up a lot of energy and majority of its components are mined directly from the earth.

Cost of ceramic kitchen sinks : As mentioned, ceramic kitchen sinks are a budget friendly alternative to fireclay kitchen sinks, while in general, it is one of the cheapest options available in the market, which is readily available in most local home improvement stores.

On the average, a ceramic kitchen sink can cost anywhere from $100 to $800.

Other types of kitchen sinks materials

The materials discussed above are the most commonly used conventional materials in creating kitchen sinks, however there are many more modern alternatives in the market.

Quartz Composite Sink

Undermount quartz sinkQuartz composite sink

Quartz kitchen sinks were mentioned earlier as part of composite kitchen sinks, because typically they are used as a substitute for ground up granite.

Just like granite composite  kitchen sinks, quartz composite  kitchen sinks are made from a mixture of  80 percent ground up quartz and 20 percent resin binders. Basically, it is also an engineered product that is similar to quartz countertops and has the same resilience.

Quartz composite kitchen sinks are made to match quartz countertops and give them a solid, uniform look. Typically, it is used in contemporary and modern applications where a minimalist aesthetic is preferred.

Pros of quartz composite kitchen sinks : Quartz composite kitchen sinks are very durable and affordable. It is non porous and impervious to harsh liquid cleaning agents, stain resistant, antimicrobial, and does not get scratched, chipped or cracked.

Quartz composite kitchen sinks will not break or dent from a heavy impact on a dropped pot or dish. In addition to these numerous benefits, quartz composite kitchen sinks are resistant to high temperatures and do not get easily marred from hot pans and pots, and has the ability to withstand a temperature of up to 535 degrees Fahrenheit.

In terms of maintenance, quartz composite kitchen sinks are fairly easy to maintain and do not need any form of sealing, translating to additional savings in the long run. It only needs to be wiped cleaned using a damp cloth to prevent the build of minerals from hard water.

Design wise, quartz composite kitchen sinks are sold in a  wide variety of solid colors. And because of the product’s inherent structure, these colors are fade proof and are proven to last throughout the lifetime of the sink.

Cons of quartz composite kitchen sinks : Although quartz composite kitchen sinks are available in a wide range of solid colors, they do not have the same pattern variations which are found in  a natural stone slab.

It is only produced in matte finishes, which is sometimes limiting to other homeowners who look for the same glossy surface of  a cast iron kitchen sink or a polished natural granite kitchen sink.

Compared to granite composite kitchen sinks, quartz composite kitchen sinks are less tough. 

Granite composite sinks are composed of dense surface rock particles which are formed under high pressure, thus resulting to a more tough surface that is even more resistant to scratches, dents and chips.

Although a quartz composite kitchen sink does not get easily damaged by heavy impacts, it is more unforgiving for fragile dishes. A dropped dinnerware will not hurt the surface, but it can break the dish instantly. 

To some, the uniform color of  quartz composite kitchen sinks are a pro since it produces a very smooth transition, but to other this can be a disadvantage as they find it lacking in true character.

Cost of quartz composite kitchen sinks :  Quartz composite kitchen sink come with a very reasonable price tag, but it is generally more expensive than conventional materials like stainless steel and ceramic.

On the average, a standard quartz composite kitchen sink costs anywhere between $200 to $600, but high end options can run from $800 to $1,200.

Solid Surface Sink

Solid surface sinkYou may know solid surface as an engineered stone used for kitchen countertops, but it is also used as a material for kitchen sinks. But instead of being purchase as a freestanding fixture, this is typically  purchased along with a solid surface countertop as it is usually integrated within its design.

Solid surface is a man made material that is mainly composed of a combination of Alumina Trihydrate (ATH), acrylic, epoxy or polyester resins and pigments.

This type of sink is commonly used for seamless countertop installations and for more modern and contemporary kitchen settings. The most popular brand name of solid surface in the market is Corian.

Pros of solid surface kitchen sinks : The primary advantage of using solid surface kitchen sinks is that this material is extremely durable.

It is stain resistant and does not get easily scratched. If ever it gets scratched, these marks will not show up easily because its color extends throughout the material.

Although it is more sensitive to heat compared to quartz composite kitchen sinks, any burns on its surface can be easily sanded out.

Solid surface kitchen sinks are also very sanitary and hygienic as it does not promote any type of unwanted bacterial growth and molds or mildews.

When it comes to maintenance, solid surface sinks are fairly easy to clean and maintain.

Solid surface kitchen sinks also have a very uniform color and an even surface. It is also highly customizable and can be integrated with a drain board.

And since it is typically built into your countertop material, you can ensure a very sleek look for your kitchen. Design wise, solid surface comes in a broad spectrum of colors and designs which can work for almost any kitchen style.

Cons of solid surface kitchen sinks : As mentioned earlier, although durable, solid surface kitchen sinks don’t tolerate heat well compared to quartz composite kitchen sinks.

And even if they are scratch resistant, they can still crack from severe heavy impact.

Another downside to solid surface kitchen sinks is that it is not advisable for do it yourself projects and requires to be installed by a professional, along with a solid surface surface countertop.

Cost of solid surface kitchen sinks :  Solid surface kitchen sinks are more expensive especially because they are integrated into the countertop material.

Since it is custom made, rather than ready made, expect to pay a higher price tag for the material and even the labor costs.

Solid surface materials can range from $25 to $50 per square foot. Solid surface kitchen sinks can range anywhere from a hefty amount of  $2,100 to $3,400 per installation or piece.

Acrylic Sinks

Acrylic sinkFarmhouse style acrylic sink

Acrylic kitchen sinks have the same appearance as enameled kitchen sinks, but it is made up of molded plastic that is reinforced with fiberglass.

Acrylic kitchen sinks offer a great deal of versatility and flexibility to homeowners, since it can be molded into different shapes, sizes, configurations and color.  It is best known for having one of the lowest maintenance requirements among the different types of kitchen sink materials.

Pros of acrylic kitchen sinks : As mentioned, acrylic kitchen sinks are very easy to maintain because of their smooth  and non porous surface which is resistant to stains.

Even if it has the tendency to get scratched, any blemish can be easily sanded and polished out. In terms of installation, acrylic kitchen sinks are easy to install and offer manageability in material handling since it is lighter compare to other kitchen sink materials like cast iron or fireclay.

It also does not need any strain on the surrounding counters because of its light weight.

Acrylic kitchen sinks are  also available in a wide range of options which can suit almost any kitchen layout and design setting. Lastly, acrylic kitchen sinks are more affordable compared to other kitchen sink materials

Cons of acrylic kitchen sinks : The main problem with acrylic kitchen sinks is that it is very sensitive to high heat. A hot pan can easily mar its surface and some of its models are even reported to melt when hot objects are placed on it.

Although it looks like enamel, acrylic kitchen sinks are softer than cast iron and can scratch more easily. It is also more susceptible to damage from any petroleum based products.

Concrete Sinks

Stone sink with undermount designConcrete farmhouse kitchen sink

Concrete is one of the most basic materials for kitchen sinks . It is made from a mixture of cement, coarse and fine aggregates and water that is molded into a sink form. Concrete kitchen sinks can either be made on site or bought precast.

Pros of concrete kitchen sinks : Concrete, as a building material, is best known for its high customizability, so expect that you get the same versatility and flexibility when you use it as a kitchen sink.

It can be custom made into any design, providing limitless possibilities for your kitchen sink such as a built in drainboard, unique inlays or special sink shapes and sizes.

As mentioned, every concrete kitchen sink is specifically tailor made according to your own design requirements and personal preference in style.

It can also be incorporated in a concrete countertop for a more seamless design, making it a perfect choice for modern and contemporary kitchen settings.

Also, concrete kitchen sinks are not a common choice for households, so if you are looking for a unique, stylish and distinctive material  then this is the best one for you.

In addition to its unique aesthetics, concrete kitchen sinks are also very sturdy and extremely durable, especially since it is typically a part of a concrete countertop.

It has an extremely tough surface that does not get easily damaged, scratched and won’t dent. This type of kitchen sink material is also proven to last for years.

Cons of concrete kitchen sinks : The major downside to using a concrete kitchen sink is the added maintenance that it requires. They will need to be periodically sealed to protect them from any stains and to give them the ability to repel moisture.

Cracks, fissures and chips are also another issue and once they appear on your concrete kitchen sink surface, they have to be taken care off immediately, otherwise they may lead to bigger problems.

Concrete kitchen sinks are also very heavy and may require a sufficient type of base support, likewise your flooring material must be strong enough to handle this extra weight.

The additional installation requirements also translates to additional costs in materials and construction. This type of sink material can also be expensive, mainly because it is custom made.

Natural Stone Sinks

Natural stone sinkNatural stone is one of the oldest materials used for kitchen sinks and up to this day it continues to be one of the most reliable materials in the market.

Natural stone kitchen sinks can either be made using a single solid piece that is hewn out, or multiple pieces of stone slabs which are joined together to form a basin.

Natural stone kitchen sinks can be made from a variety of stone types.The most popular natural stone sinks is made from granite, but there are also models which are produced from soapstone, travertine, marble or onyx, to name a few.

In the  early 1900’s, high end farmhouse sinks were typically made from limestone, but not more and more manufacturers turn to granite, soapstone and marble. Limestone is still used for manufacturing kitchen sinks, but only for designs which evoke a strong Old world feel.

Pros of natural stone kitchen sinks : There are very many advantages to natural stone kitchen sinks, but its stand out attribute is its incredible durability and robust surface.

Natural stone is very hard to chip, cannot be dent and is not sensitive to hot temperature.

Natural stone kitchen sinks which are carved from a single solid piece of stone has no seams which may potentially catch any type of food residue, crumbs or dirt, thus they are more sanitary options.

Also, this type of kitchen sink has a polished surface which is very easy to clean.

Provided that it is properly sealed, a natural stone kitchen sink is not permeable by moisture and won’t stain. It does not make any noise, unlike stainless steel and metal sinks.

A natural stone sink is also guaranteed to last last for not only years but decades, provided that it is properly sealed.

In addition to its impressive practical benefits, natural stone kitchen sinks also contribute a unique visual interest to your home. The natural variation in the stone sink’s surface is also one stand out quality that cannot be matched by any other material.

It is also highly customizable and can be shaped into any form and design to fit a variety of kitchen styles. Natural stone kitchen sinks can also be used for rustic kitchen designs.

Cons of natural stone kitchen sinks : The biggest disadvantage to natural stone kitchen sinks is that if they are not sealed properly, they are prone to damage.

Unsealed natural stone kitchen sinks can absorb water, thus resulting to cracks, chips and stains. The added maintenance and periodic sealing is also a drawback, especially in terms of cost.

This type of sink material is also very heavy and may require additional support or in some cases, custom cabinetry, in installation. Natural stone kitchen sinks that are made from slabs must be made with care and should have a sloped bottom to minimize any form of residual water from pooling up.

Another major disadvantage to natural stone kitchen sinks is its expensive cost. Most of this are sold for over  thousand dollars and marble is one of the most high end options.

Best Sink Material

Steel sink in corner of kitchenFrom what was discussed above, you can see that kitchen sinks come in a vast variety of materials and each of this has their own positive and negative features.

With that, it is nearly impossible to rank all of the materials and conclude with one type which actually stands above the rest. However, we have come up with our own list of best kitchen sink materials depending on different specific criteria.

Cost – When it comes to cost, no other material can surpass stainless steel kitchen sinks. Not only is it the most affordable option but it is also the most widely available option in the market.

You can buy stainless steel sinks for as low as $100 at local home improvement stores.

Durability – Durability wise, cast iron sinks and granite composite sinks are above the rest. As you can notice, these sinks are made up of a primary material which is combined with another material to reinforce its resilience, strength and toughness.

Cast iron, for example, is made with an iron metal base coated with a porcelain enamel. While a granite composite sink is made from a combination of resins and ground up natural granite – which is the strongest natural stone on earth.

These type of sink materials are heat resistant, scratch resistant and won’t budge easily  even when subjected to heavy impacts. Expect them to last for years, especially if properly cared for and maintained.

Appearance – Copper kitchen sinks are at the top of our list when it comes to aesthetics and visual appeal. It has an inherent rich, warm color, that sets it apart from other materials and can contribute a unique flair to kitchens.

Also, if you are looking for a stunning focal point for your home, you can never go wrong with the alluring glamour of a copper kitchen sink.

Maintenance – Quartz composite kitchen sinks and ceramic kitchen sinks are the easiest to maintain among the sink materials as both do not require any type of periodic treatment, resealing or deep cleaning.

You can easily clean a quartz composite or ceramic kitchen sink using a mild dish detergent and water solution with a damp cloth or sponge.

Sink Sizes

Sink measuring 33×22 inchesKitchen sinks are available in a wide range of sizes, widths, lengths and depths. Contrary to the belief that choosing the right kitchen sink size can be quite confusing, it is actually pretty easy when you understand some of the basics.

Here is a guide on kitchen sink sizes along with some factors to consider in finding the right sink size for your home.

Standard Sink Size

The average kitchen sink measures 22 inches width by 30 inches length. The front to back dimensions, which is 22 inches, is a standard measurement because most of kitchen countertops and cabinets come in a standard width of 24 inches.

Whereas the length, which is 30 inches, varies depending on the type of sink and its configuration.

The lengths for the following sink types, for example as as follows: single bowl sinks come in lengths as much as 33 inches, double bowl sinks can measure up to 48 inches, while triple bowl units can reach up to 60 inches.

On the other hand, narrow trough sinks are much smaller and generally have a width that is much smaller than the standard. They generally measure 8 to 14 inches from front to back and comes in lengths as much as 50 inches or more.

The sink size that you choose for your kitchen will ultimately depend on the size of your counter, the size of your base cabinets and the overall size of your kitchen space.

Kitchen island with hammered copper sinkKitchen sink depth : The depth of a kitchen sink mostly varies anywhere from  6 to 12 inches. The depth of the sink, together with the width, length and configuration, is a critical aspect in terms of the efficiency of your work flow in the kitchen.

When deciding on such, it is best to consider your daily activities in terms of kitchen sink use. For example, ten inch deep sinks make it easier to soak pans and pots because they can hold more water and more items.

However, the deeper the sink is, the harder it is for shorter family members to use. As shallow sink eliminates the muscle strain and provides ease in reaching the sink and doing prep work in the kitchen.

The depth also varies depending on the configuration. There are several kitchen sink units which come with two basins of varying depths – one bowl with a depth slightly lower than the other for a fewer inches, while the other bowl is a standard sink which is typically used for cleaning vegetables or washing dishes.

The type of installation also affects the overall depth of your sink. An under mount sink, for example, is typically set about 2 inches lower than a drop in sink. So it important to make this consideration, otherwise your sink will be more difficult to use and reach.

Finding the right kitchen sink size based on the base cabinets and counter size:

When deciding for the right size of sink, it is always best to keep in mind proportion. Your sink must fit comfortable into your counter size and the base cabinets.

On the average, kitchen base cabinets have a depth of 24 inches amd have a height of 42 inches and a width of 25-1/4 to 26 inches. If your kitchen counter follows this standard size, then naturally, a standard 22 by 30 inches  size kitchen sink is your best bet.

For smaller kitchens, the standard 22 inches by 30 inches sink can still seem too big, so it is ideal to look for models which are smaller. However, for homeowners who have deeper countertops which measure 30 inches or more, a larger sink can be used.

A simple guideline to finding the right size would be to measure the depth, height and width of  the base cabinets, then subtract 2 to 3 inches from each of the taken measurements.

For example, a kitchen counter with 36 inches size base cabinets can fit well a 33 inches sink at most, while a 30 inches size base cabinets should be furnished with a kitchen sink that is not bigger than 27 inches.

Consider the overall size of your kitchen when choosing the right size of sink:

The overall size of your kitchen is also play a big role in determining the right size of kitchen sink for your home. As mentioned, proportion, scale and balance all make an eye pleasing design, and at the same time helps you make the most out of your available space.

Small kitchens, which are found on residences where space is at premium like condominiums, apartments, studios and flats, need a sink that can help maximize space.

A large sink in a small kitchen can mean less counter space and less cabinet space. Larger kitchens or those which have an area if 150 square feet or more, can normally accommodate larger units, including double bowl and triple bowl units.

A good guide to remember is that kitchen s with areas of up to 150 square feet can accommodate kitchen sinks which are up to 24 inches wide.

Also, keeping things in proportion produces a more appealing design, so make sure that your sink is proportionate to the overall layout of your kitchen.

For example, a bulky apron front sink can potentially overpower a small kitchen, while a small bar sink will look off in as massive kitchen counter.

Consider your average usage in a day:

As mentioned earlier, the activities that you perform in your kitchen are very important in terms of choosing the right kitchen sink size and depth.

Before you decide on your kitchen sink size, it is ideal to take a closer look at your cooking habits, cleaning routine and workflow in the kitchen.

Small things matter, such as the number of dishes you use per day or the size of your biggest serving platter.

Do you only use your sink for prep work, or do you use it to bathe your kids or perhaps, a pet? Do you bake regularly? Then maybe you need a big sink where you can wash your tins and pans.  

If you are the type who cleans up as you go, your kitchen sink does not have to be too large, but if you are the type who lets the dishes pile up in a kitchen, consider a bigger sink for soaking your dishes.

Kitchen Faucets

Faucet with pull down single handleOnce you have decided on the type of kitchen sink to use, the next thing that you have to determine is the type of faucet. Typically, this is dictated by the type of your sink and its configuration, as most sinks show the number of holes that is available in the sink.

A single hole, for example, can mean a single gooseneck faucet, while three holes can mean that you can use a center set faucet with mixers. In addition to the type of faucet set up, you also need to decide whether you plan on including additional features such as water treatment accessories, soap dispensers as they may also need extra holes in the sink.

Kitchen faucets come in different styles and functions, and there are several factors which can help you choose the right faucet to go with your kitchen sink. These factors are the sink type and configuration, faucet height, special features and finish.

Type of sink and configuration. As mentioned, the configuration of your sink can help determine the type of faucet that goes with it. Some sink models come with single holes, while others come with two to three holes.

Custom made sinks can be used with wall mounted faucets, etc. If you are replacing an existing faucet, the number of pre existing holes help you determine what you need to fill.

Faucet height. The faucet height is a critical aspect of your decision since it will help you gauge whether there is enough room for overhead cabinets in your kitchen. Typically, taller faucets are used for installations in islands or in front of windows as there is a clear space. 

Special features. Special features include sprays and soap dispensers. These features are especially helpful in cleanup and prep work as they add functionality to your faucet. You can look for kitchen faucets that have pull down or pull out sprays, side sprays or professional hose coils. 

Type of finish. The type of finish for your faucet is also important since it helps complete the overall look of your kitchen. Your kitchen faucet, can significantly increase the visual interest and aesthetic appeal of your kitchen, even if it is just a small feature in the space.

Faucets typically come in a wide array of finishes which includes polished chrome, stainless steel, satin nickel, antique metals, oil rubbed metals, black and brushed finishes.

Types of Faucets

Faucet with pull down handleStainless steel kitchen faucet

Here are the popular types of kitchen faucets which are available in the market.

Single hole faucets – The most common type of kitchen faucet in the market is the single hole faucet. It is referred to as a single hole faucet because it only needs one hole in your countertop for installation.

Typically, single hole faucets come with a single spout that emits the water and a top mounted handle that controls the pressure and temperature of the water. Single hole faucets come with different styles and height, some with curved necks or tall goosenecks.

Centerset faucets Centerset faucets are also known as two handle or two hole faucets. This type of kitchen faucet has two separate handles or mixers – one for cold water, one for water water, flanking the center spout at each side.

Unlike single hole hole faucets, this type of faucet need multiple holes for installation.

Widespread faucetsA widespread faucet looks almost similar to a centerset faucet, but rather than having the mixers and the center spout connected with a single base plate, widespread faucets have three individual pieces which are installed separately.

They function the same way as a centerset, with two handles for hot and cold water and a center spot for emitting water.

Two handle faucets with one holeA two handle one hole faucet is similar to a single hole faucet, but instead of having a single handle, it features two handles for controlling the cold and hot water separately. Instead of being attached to a base plate or on a separate hole, the handles are attached directly to the spout.

Basin tapsA basin tap can either be a single piece or double piece of mini faucets that sits on your sink. For household with hot and cold water, double basin taps are typically used wherein the temperature is controlled on separate units rather than being dispensed on a single central spout.

Pull out faucetsPull out faucets ae single hole faucets that have a detachable head. This head can be pulled with the help of a hose, making it easier to wash vegetables or dishes, clean the sink or spray pots and pans. Most pull out faucets come with spray features.

Pull down faucetsUnlike pull out faucets which are completely extendable and movable, a pull down faucet is fixed in a downward position. Although this limits the flexibility of your faucet, it works well in lessening splashes as the water in completely directed in a down the sink.

Wall mounted faucetsAs it name suggests, a wall mounted faucet is a type of faucet installed to the wall rather than the sink. Wall mounted faucets are typically used to clear countertop space and provide more unobstructed room in the sink. Typically, you can wall mounted faucets in more contemporary and modern kitchen settings.

Side sprayers Some faucets come with a side sprayer that sits next to the tap. The add on sprayer at the side of the faucet also extends and functions the same way as a detachable faucet head.

Most side sprayers come with different features such as a 360 degree swivel or adjustable aerators and pressures. This type of faucet is also helpful for cleaning hard to reach pots and pans, sinks and for rinsing dishes and vegetables.

Pot fillersA pot filler is a type of ong, thin faucet which is designed to fill deep pot, pans and basins.

Cold water dispenser and hot water dispenserBasically, a cold water dispenser is a single hole faucet which is designed to emit cold water alone, whereas a hot water dispenser is a single hole faucet designed to dispense only hot water.

These faucets come with a technology that keeps your water heated or cold consistently. It eliminates the need to heat up water in a pan or microwave when need, or use cold water from the refrigerator.

Commercial kitchen faucetsCommercial kitchen faucets are more commonly used in restaurants or establishments and are more advanced when it comes to design and technology.

However, their use is not limited to such application alone as it can be utilized even in a residential environment.Typically, commercial kitchen faucets are bigger in size than traditional kitchen faucets.

Faucets with water filters These are kitchen  faucets designed to filter all sorts of impurities like minerals such as copper and cadmium, to toxins, keeping your drinking water safe for the whole family.

Sink Installation

Stainless farmhouse design sinkStainless steel farmhouse kitchen sink

Materials needed:

  • Kitchen sink
  • Faucet
  • Strainer set
  • Plumber’s putty
  • Silicon sealant
  • ⅝ inch hose for the air gap
  • Pipes and trap

Tools needed:

  • Measuring tape
  • Jigsaw or grinder (in case the hole in your countertop needs to be adjusted)
  • Basin wrench
  • Water pump pliers
  • Crescent wrench
  • Screwdriver
  • Putty knife
  • Flashlight
  • Bucket
  • Towels

Steps to installing a kitchen sink

For this particular project, we will be using a drop in sink or a top mount sink – the best type of sink for DIY installations.

Watch a video on how to install a kitchen sink:

Measure your existing sink and counter. Take an accurate measurement of your existing sink and counter and note down the length, width and the distance of the sink wall to the drain center.

Make a simple diagram of the sink and include all the appropriate labels and measurements for your reference.

It is also advisable that you take a picture of the existing plumbing configuration of your kitchen sink, in that way you have a guide when you reassemble the plumbing later on. 

If your existing sink has different drain locations or dimensions as the new sink that you will be using for replacement, then you may need to adjust the countertop opening and plumbing of your kitchen.

Shut off the water and power supply. Make sure to turn off any active power and plumbing lines to prevent any accident.

The supply for cold and hot water to the sink are usually copper in color and often have shutoff valves found under the sink, and you can easily turn them off.

In some cases, the water supply needs to be turned off from a primary switch which can either be located in the basement or outside your home.

Once the water supply is off, make sure to turn on the faucet to let any water and pressure out of the lines.

For households with garbage disposals, make sure to turn off the breaker panel switch and unplug the disposal’s cord.

Disconnect plumbing to existing sink and faucet. Using a basin wrench or a crescent wrench, disconnect the faucet from the water supply lines then using a water pump pliers, disconnect the sink from the drain pipes.

Make sure to put a bucket and towel underneath to catch and wipe any spills.

Remove garbage disposal. Loosen the ring that attaches the garbage disposal unit to the sink using a long screwdriver.

Once the garbage disposal is loose, remove it from the drainpipe.

Do not forget to remove the garbage disposal mounting from the bottom of the sink drain by loosening the screws using a screwdriver, as this will be attached to your new sink.

Remove old sink. If your existing kitchen sink is secured by a clamp underneath the countertop, remove it  by loosening the screws using a screwdriver.

Then run a putty knife under the sink edges to loosen it. Once finished, carefully lift off the sink from its place.

Once the old sink has been removed, make sure to measure the opening of your countertop. Use a tape measure to get the accurate width and length and compare this with the size of your new sink.

If your new sink is larger than the opening, you can adjust the countertop hole by using a jigsaw (for laminate countertops) or a grinder (for stone countertops).

For slab countertops and natural stone countertops, you might need professional help as this material is more sensitive and needs to be handled more carefully.

Install faucetInstall new faucet on new sink. Installing the new faucet on your new sink before putting it in the countertop is easier.

Just put the faucet on the respective holes in the sink and make sure to include a standard basket strainer in one sink hole and the a garbage disposal strainer on the other. Secure the strainers in place with some putty and hold it in place as you put the washer and tighten the nut.

Attach the garbage disposal. Prepare the mounting hardware for the garbage disposal installation and follow the manufacturer’s instruction.

Then slide the garbage disposal mounting ring over the flange and install the cushion mount. Make sure that the groove on the inside fits over the lip of the sink flange.

Then position the garbage disposal over the flange, push down and twist until it is fully set in place. Make sure to hook up the appliance extension cord for the garbage disposal.

Assemble the drain pipe. First, install the tailpiece and the arm that attaches to the garbage disposal. Install the trap and twist to tighten.

Then try to set the new sink in the countertop hole to see if any adjustments need to be made. The trap needs to align with the trap adapter in the wall, if not, you can adjust it by trimming or by adding an extension. 

After that, attach the air gap using a mounting nut. Run a ⅝ inch hose from the garbage disposal to the air gap and secure with clamps.

Install faucet to water supplyInstall the faucet. Install the faucet and secure in place using a rubber or plastic gasket, then tighten the mounting hardware. If none of these are included with your faucet, apply some putty under the faucet flange to seal out water.

Install the flexible supply tubes. Install the flexible supply tubes to the holes in the sink (or faucet inlets) by using screws. Make sure that their length reaches out to the valves. For flexible supply tubes with copper inlets, make sure to use an adjustable wrench to secure it tightly in place.

Reattach plumbing for dishwasher and ice maker. Hooking up as much as plumbing possible before setting up the sink in place makes the work so much easier. Reattach the plumbing lines for the dishwasher and icemaker (if you have one).

Set your new drop in sink in place. Dry fit the sink again to the hole by setting it in place, again double check if it fits perfectly well into the opening.

Lift the sink and apply silicone sealant around the edge of the countertop opening and make sure that there are no gaps in between.

Drop in the sink and set in place by applying pressure to make sure that the silicone sealant is firmly adhered. Wipe any excess sealant in the countertop using a damp cloth and let it dry for 30 minutes.

Install the strainers in place. Old strainers can be used for your new sink, however a new sink will look more appealing with a new one.

Typically, strainers are bought separately. Install the strainers in the drain holes and apply plumber’s putty to the underside of each strainer flange before setting them in place.

Connect final plumbing. Reattach any final plumbing found underneath the sink, such as the drain pipes to the strainers by tightening the gasket and nuts that come with the strainers.

Check for leaks. Make sure that all the plumbing are tightly secured in place. After the installation, check your new kitchen sink for any leaks. In the event of any leaks, treat them by tightening the fittings using a wrench or by applying putty or sealant.

If you are attempting a remodel project and need help visualizing your sink placement before installation, check out our page on kitchen design software. These programs can help you layout your space and save you valuable time and labor.


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